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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 08 April 2019

MCQ 1

  •  Choose which are the plans under NAPCC
  1. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  2. National Mission for a “Green India”
  3. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for biodiversity

(A)1 & 2

(B)2 & 3

(C)1 & 3

(D)All

  • Published in 2008 by the then-Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change (Government of India), the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) aims at creating awareness among the representatives of the public, different agencies of the government, scientists, industry and the community as a whole, on the threat posed by climate change and the steps proposed at the level of India to counter these changes.
  • Recognising that climate change is a global challenge, the plan promised that India will engage actively in multilateral negotiations in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, in a positive, constructive and forwardlooking manner.
  1.  National Solar Mission
  • This initiative started in 2010 to promote the use of solar power.
  1. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  • The initiative was undertaken to promote the market for energy efficiency by fostering innovative policies and effective market instruments.
  • In 2009, it was approved 'in principle' by the PM's Council on Climate Change.
  1. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  • Approved by the PM in 2011, it aims to make cities sustainable through improvements in energy efficiency in buildings, management of solid waste and shift to public transport.
  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs backs the mission.
  1. National Water Mission
  • The mission was put in place to ensure integrated water resource management helping to conserve water, minimize wastage and ensure more equitable distribution both across and within states.
  • This mission is one of the most proactive ones and is backed by the National Water Policy as well as the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
  1. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  • A multi-pronged, cross-cutting mission across various sectors, NMSHE got a nod from the Union Cabinet in 2014.
  • Aimed at protecting the Himalayas, it has mapped institutes and civil society organisations working on the Himalayan ecology for ease of coordination between governmental and non-governmental agencies.
  1. National Mission for a Green India:
  • Also termed as the Green India Mission/Scheme, it aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India's diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.
  • Driven by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, it received the nod of approval from the Cabinet in 2014.
  1. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture:
  • Another one of the govt's most efficient missions, it has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rain-fed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.
  • It got the nod back in 2010, and has recently got approval for one of its key missions -- National Bamboo Mission -- by the Cabinet.
  1. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
  • The mission seeks to build a dynamic and vibrant knowledge system that informs and supports national policy and action for responding effectively to climate change challenges, while not compromising on the nation's growth goals.
  • Department of Science and Technology drives the mission, and a recent development under the mission was the govt's approval for establishing Karnataka's first climate change lab.

MCQ 2

  • M-STrIPES, short for Monitoring System for Tigers - Intensive Protection and Ecological Status is a software-based monitoring system launched across Indian tiger reserves by
  1. Ministry of environment & CC
  2. BNHS
  3. NTCA
  4. Conservation International
  • M-STrIPES, short for Monitoring System for Tigers - Intensive Protection and Ecological Status is a software-based monitoring system launched across Indian tiger reserves by the Indian government's National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in 2010.
  • The system's objective is to strengthen patrolling and surveillance of the Endangered Bengal tiger. Forest guards in tiger reserves are equipped with personal digital assistants and GPS devices to capture data relating to tiger sightings, deaths, wild life crime and ecological observations while patrolling.
  • The software system maps the patrol routes of forest guards, and the resulting data are then analyzed in a geographic information system. This is intended to enhance the effectiveness and spatial coverage of patrols. Additional target outcomes are the evaluation of human pressure and ongoing monitoring of habitat change.
  • The android-based software will be used across all national Tiger reserves of the country. Use of the system in the Pench Tiger Reserve is reported to have resulted in "a significant check in antiforest and anti-wildlife activities" http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=154549

MCQ 3

  1. The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is an autonomous NGO established in May 1982.
  2. It is located in Chandrabani, which is close to the southern forests of Dehradun
  • Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

  • The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate change, Government of India. established in May 1982.
  • WII carries out wildlife research in areas of study like Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Wildlife Policy, Wildlife Management, Wildlife Forensics, Spatial Modeling, Ecodevelopment, Habitat Ecology and Climate Change. WII has a research facility which includes Forensics, Remote Sensing and GIS, Laboratory, Herbarium, and an Electronic Library.
  • The founder director was V. B. Saharia while the first Director was Hemendra Singh Panwar who remained the director from 1985 to 1994.
  • The institute is based in Dehradun, India. It is located in Chandrabani, which is close to the southern forests of Dehradun

MCQ 4

  1. The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) is an autonomous organisation or governmental agency under the Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of India
  2. Its headquartered in Hyderabad
  • Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

  • The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) is an autonomous organisationor governmental agency under the Ministry of Environment and Forests , Government of India.
  • Headquartered in Dehradun, its functions are to conduct forestry research; transfer the technologies developed to the states of India and other user agencies; and to impart forestry education.
  • The council has 9 research institutes and 4 advanced centres to cater to the research needs of different bio-geographical regions.
  • These are located at Dehradun, Shimla, Ranchi, Jorhat, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Allahabad, Chhindwara, Aizawl, Hyderabad and Agartala

AYUSH

  • International Convention on World Homoeopathy Day to deliberate on linking Education & Clinical Practice with Research
  • A two day convention is being organized on 9-10th April 2019 by the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH), an autonomous research organization, Ministry of AYUSH on the occasion of the World Homoeopathy Day at Dr. Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi. The World Homoeopathy Day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of the founder of Homoeopathy, Dr. Christian Fredrich Samuel Hahnemann.
  • The Convention will be graced by Shri. Vaidya Rajesh Kotecha, Secretary of AYUSH, Sh. Roshan Jaggi , Joint Secretary, Ministry of AYUSH, Sh. Nilanjal Sanyal, Chairman, Board of Governors, Central Council of Homoeopathy and Sh. Tridandi Chinna Ramanuja Jeeyar Swamiji. Tributes will be paid by Dr. Gary Smyth, President, Faculty of Homeopathy, UK and Dr. Alok Pareek, President, LMHI (International).
  • With an aim to recognize exemplary work in Homoeopathy, AYUSH awards relating to Homoeopathy for Life Time Achievement, Best Teacher, Young Scientist and Best Research paper will be conferred on this occasion.
  • This WHD, 24 students will be awarded scholarships under the Short Term Studentship in Homoeopathy (STSH) and four students for ‘Quality MD Dissertation in Homoeopathy’. MOU’s will be signed with two more PG Homoeopathic Colleges with an effort to link education with research. The vision behind the agreement would be to provide impetus to research infrastructure, which, in turn further orient the students towards research.
  • A wide range of topics will be covered in the convention like Linking education and clinical practice with research, Homoeopathic Education: Research component, Utilisation of existing research by clinicians , Drug Development & Validation, Research initiatives by students under Studentship & MD Scholarship schemes , Documented clinical experiences, Homoeopathy in public health, Fortifying theories and clinical practice with research, Road ahead for Homoeopathy, Skill development in scientific writing, Strengthening research infrastructure in educational organisations, Drug Provings and Guidelines for Publishing Research. Round table discussions are also planned on the topics ‘Drug Regulations in Homoeopathy: Current scenario and Way ahead; Homoeopathy Industry: Challenges and Opportunities for the Manufacturers/Traders; Homoeopathic Pharmacopeias: Standards and Harmonisation’ and ‘Promotion of Homoeopathy at state level: Government of India schemes as a facilitating tool; Homoeopathy doctors in public service: Roles & Responsibilities’.

Ministry of Defence

  • Platinum Jubilee Commemoration of Battle of Kangla Tongbi The Battle of Kangla Tongbi, considered one of the fiercest battles of World War II, was fought by Ordnance personnel of 221 Advance Ordnance Depot (AOD) on the night of 6/7 April 1944.
  • Japanese forces had planned a three pronged offensive to capture Imphal and the surrounding areas. In their attempt to extend their line of communication to Imphal, the 33rd Japanese Division cut in behind the 17th Indian Division at Tiddim (Mynmar) and establishing themselves firmly on the main Kohima – Manipur highway, started advancing towards Kangla Tongbi.
  • Here at Kangla Tongbi, a small but determined detachment of 221 AOD put up stiff resistance against the advancing Japanese forces.