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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 05 April 2019

MCQ 1

  • Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Chiller Star Labelling Program’
  1. It has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
  2. It envisages providing rating in terms of its energy performance Select the correct statements
  • Choose correct

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Power Ministry launches ambitious program on energy efficiency in Chillers
  • Chillers consume more than 40 per cent of the total energy in commercial buildings Chiller star labelling program to save more than 500 million units of electricity in 2019 along with Green House Gases reduction
  • Ministry of Power, Government of India launched an ambitious program to encourage the deployment of Energy Efficient chiller systems in the country here today.
  • The Chiller Star Labelling Program has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). The program envisages providing star rating in terms of its energy performance. Initially, the program is launched on voluntary basis and will be valid upto 31st December 2020.
  • Chillers are used extensively for space conditioning of buildings and for industrial process cooling applications. The size of Indian chiller market which stood at 1 Million Tonne per year at 2017, is projected to grow at a CAGR of 3.6 per cent fuelled by a growth in the retail, hospitality and infrastructure projects. Chillers, being energy intensive system, contribute more than 40 per cent of the total energy consumption in commercial buildings. Therefore, it is important to optimize energy performance of chillers and create awareness amongst the end users to adopt transition towards energy efficient chillers.
  • BEE has developed an online registration platform for easy and expeditious approval under this initiative. The manufacturers will be able to register online for availing appropriate star rating of chiller equipment. Based on the test certificate from designated agencies and after due verification from BEE, the star label (1 to 5) will be awarded, with 5 star being the most efficient chillers.
  • The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power created in March 2002 under the provisions of the nation's 2001 Energy Conservation Act. The agency's function is to develop programs which will increase the conservation and efficient use of energy in India. The government has proposed to make it mandatory for certain appliances in India to have ratings by the BEE starting in January 2010. The mission of Bureau of Energy Efficiency is to "institutionalise" energy efficiency services, enable delivery mechanisms in the country and provide leadership to energy efficiency in all sectors of the country. The primary objective would be to reduce energy intensity in the economy.

The broad objectives of BEE are as under

  • To exert leadership and provide policy recommendation and direction to national energy conservation and efficiency efforts and programs.
  • To coordinate energy efficiency and conservation policies and programs and take it to the stakeholders
  • To establish systems and procedures to measure, monitor and verify energy efficiency results in individual sectors as well as at a macro level.
  • To leverage multi-lateral and bi-lateral and private sector support in implementation of Energy Conservation Act and efficient use of energy and its conservation programs.
  • To demonstrate delivery of energy efficiency services as mandated in the EC bill through private-public partnerships.
  • To interpret, plan and manage energy conservation programs as envisaged in the Energy Conservation Act.

MCQ 2

  1. AFSPA enacted by Parliament in 1958 and was applied to the entire State of Assam and the Union Territory of Manipur.
  2. J.S. Verma Committee (2012) and the Justice Jeevan Reddy Committee (2005) have found the law arbitrary and have recommended the repeal of AFSPA
  • Choose correct

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Justice Santosh Hegde Committee found four out of six deaths it was inquiring in Manipur have similar patterns of cause of death and could be cases of fake encounters.
  • Justice Santosh Hegde Committee report also concluded that AFSPA has not been able to achieve peace in the Northeast, and on the contrary, it has widened the distance between the people of these areas and the mainland.
  • J.S. Verma Committee (2012) and the Justice Jeevan Reddy Committee (2005) have found the law arbitrary and have recommended the repeal of AFSPA
  • Section 4 of the AFSPA empowers an authorised officer in a disturbed area with certain powers. The authorised officer has the power to open fire at any individual even if it results in death if the individual violates laws which prohibit

(a) the assembly of five or more persons; or

(b) carrying of weapons. However, the officer has to give a warning before opening fire.

Armed Forces Special Powers (Assam and Manipur) Act, 1958

  • In 1951, the Naga National Council Nation’. There was a boycott of the first general election of 1952 which later extended to a boycott of government schools and officials.
  • In order to deal with the situation, the Assam government imposed the Assam Maintenance of Public Order (Autonomous District) Act in the Naga Hills in 1953 and intensified police action against the rebels. • When the situation worsened, Assam deployed the Assam Rifles in the Naga Hills and enacted the Assam Disturbed Areas Act of 1955, providing a legal framework for the paramilitary forces and the armed state police to combat insurgency in the region.
  • But the Assam Rifles and the state armed police could not contain the Naga rebellion and the rebel Naga Nationalist Council (NNC) formed a parallel government "The Federal Government of Nagaland" on 23 March 1956.
  • The Armed Forces (Assam and Manipur) Special Powers Ordinance 1958 was promulgated by the President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 22 May 1958. It was replaced by the Armed Forces (Assam and Manipur) Special Powers Act, 1958 on 11 September 1958.
  • Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts (AFSPA), are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in which each act terms "disturbed areas".
  • According to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months. One such Act passed on 11 September 1958 was applicable to the Naga Hills, then part of Assam. In the following decades it spread, one by one, to the other Seven Sister States in India's northeast(at present it is in force in Assam, Nagaland, manipur excluding Imphal municipal council area, Changlang, Longding and Tirap districts of Arunachal Pradesh).
  • Another one passed in 1983 and applicable to Punjab and Chandigarh was withdrawn in 1997, roughly 14 years after it came to force.
  • An Act passed in 1990 was applied to Jammu and Kashmir and has been in force since
  • The Armed Forces Special Powers Ordinance of 1942 was promulgated by the British on 15 August 1942 to suppress the Quit India Movement. Modeled on these lines, four ordinances—the Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; the Assam Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; the East Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; the United provinces Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance were invoked by the central government to deal with the internal security situation in the country in 1947 which emerged due to the Partition of India. The Article 355 of the Constitution of India confers power to the Central Government to protect every state from internal disturbance.

MCQ 3

  1. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced April 1st as World Autism Awareness Day in 2008.
  2. Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder.
  • Choose correct

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The World Autism Awareness Day 2019 was celebrated on April 2nd with the theme ‘Assistive Technologies, Active Participation’.
  • Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder of variable severity which causes disruption in communication and social interaction. Autism is also characterized by repetitive behaviour and thoughts

MCQ 4

  • Prestigious zayed medal is given to PM modi by

a) Saudi arabia

b) Turkey

c) Bahrain

d) UAE

MCQ 5

  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is organizing a NuGen Mobility Summit, 2019
  • ICAT Manesar is a division of NATRIP Implementation Society (NATIS) under the Department of finance
  • Choose correct

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

  • Water storage level of 91 major reservoirs of the country goes down by one percent
  • The water storage available in 91 major reservoirs of the country for the week ending on April 04, 2019 was 48.319 BCM, which is 30% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs.
  • This percentage was at 31% for the week ending on March 28, 2019.
  • The level of water storage in the week ending on April 04, 2019 was 112% of the storage of corresponding period of last year and 102% of storage of average of last ten years.
  • The total storage capacity of these 91 reservoirs is 161.993 BCM which is about 63% of the total storage capacity of 257.812 BCM which is estimated to have been created in the country. 37 Reservoirs out of these 91 have hydropower benefit with installed capacity of more than 60 MW

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  • Health Ministry forms a Solidarity Human Chain; reaffirms commitment towards Universal Health Care
  • More than 17,000 Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres become operational
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare along with World Health Organization (WHO) today formed a Solidarity Human Chain as part of the World Health Day celebrations to reaffirm their commitment to bridging gaps and working collaboratively towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
  • The theme of World Health Day 2019 is Universal Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere. Speaking at the function, Ms. Preeti Sudan, Secretary (Health) stated that this event emphasizes our commitment to ensure all people and communities have access to quality healthcare services, where and when they are required, without suffering financial hardship. At the event, Ms. Preeti Sudan also administered the solidarity pledge to work towards making universal health care available to everyone, everywhere.
  • Secretary (Health) further stated that Ayushman Bharat has two components - Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) for Primary Health Care and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) for secondary and tertiary care.
  • These components are linked to address the major challenges of ensuring continuum of care, two-way referral system and gatekeeping.
  • Ms. Preeti Sudan said that the government is committed to strengthening 1,50,000 health facilities as Health and Wellness Centres which will deliver Comprehensive Primary Health Care closer to where people live in the rural and urban areas.
  • April 7 of each year marks the celebration of World Health Day. This year’s World Health Day will focus on equity and solidarity. From its inception at the First Health Assembly in 1948 and since taking effect in 1950,
  • Supreme Court has refused to grant an interim stay on the operation of Electoral Bonds Scheme. A bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, while hearing the petition of an NGO, today said the issue requires detailed hearing and, therefore, it will be taken up on 10th April. The bench also asked the NGO to file an appropriate application.
  •  The petitioner, in its plea, has alleged that thousands of crore are anonymously being given to political parties under the scheme. The Centre insists that the scheme was brought to check the flow of black money into political funding.
  • The Electoral Bond Scheme was notified by the Centre in January last year.

US House votes to end American involvement in Yemen's civil war

  • The US House of Representatives has voted to end US involvement in Yemen's civil war, rejecting President Donald Trump's support for Saudi-led campaign there.
  • The House approved the resolution by 247 to 175 votes that directs the President to remove US Armed Forces from hostilities in or affecting the Republic of Yemen within 30 days.
  • However, Mr Trump is expected to veto the legislation, which passed the Senate last month.
  • The White House has called the measure flawed and warned it would harm bilateral relations in the region.