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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 29 May 2019
  • National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC) is a Mini Ratna PSU established by the Government of India in 1955
  • It falls under Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises of India. NSIC is the nodal office for several schemes of Ministry of MSME such as Performance & Credit Rating, Single Point Registration, MSME Databank, National SC ST Hub, etc.

Ministry of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises

  • NSIC signs MOU with Ministry of MSME
  • The National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) for the year 2019-20.
  • The MOU envisages provision of enhanced services by NSIC under its marketing, financial, technology and other support services schemes for MSMEs in the country.
  • The Corporation projects to increase Revenue from Operationby 22% from Rs. 2540 crore in the year 2018-19 to 3100 crore in the year 2019- 20. NSIC also projects growth of 32% in Profitability during the year 2019-20. The Corporation also plans to enhance its activities in the areas of imparting entrepreneurship and skill development training by targeting 45% growth in the number of trainees.
  •  Under the scheme of National SC-ST Hub being implemented by NSIC on behalf of the Ministry of MSME, it will be a continued endeavor to provide assistance to SC/ST entrepreneurs through different interventions and various outreach activities with the overall objectives to increase their participation in public procurement. Dr. A.K. Panda, Secretary, Ministry of MSME, while appreciating the performance of NSIC, suggested that greater efforts should be made to expand the reach of NSIC so that it may serve larger number of MSMEs in the country.
  • National Small Industries Corporation Ltd. (NSIC), is an ISO 9001-2015 certified Government of India Enterprise under Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME).
  • NSIC operates through countrywide network of offices and Technical Centres in the Country. To manage operations in African countries, NSIC operates from its office in Johannesburg, South Africa. However, From January 2018, Johannesburg office is now closed and is now closely looking after domestic MSME Units. In addition, NSIC has set up Training cum Incubation Centre & with a large professional manpower, NSIC provides a package of services as per the needs of MSME sector.
  • NSIC has recently partnered with Rubique.com, to facilitate lending for MSME segment. Rubique & NSIC will work together to create an interface which will ease credit facilitation for MSMEs by allowing quicker decision making and evaluation and to widen the product offerings will bring their respective bank/FI tie-ups under one umbrella for MSME.

MCQ 1

  • About khajuraho dance festival :
  • (1) it is the first of its kind temple dance festival in southern india
  • (2) Bharatnatyam is the only dance performed
  • (3) it happens every 12 years
  • Choose the right options

 

(A) Only 1

(B) 1,2,3 all

(C) 2 and 3 are right

(D)None of the above

  • The 44th edition of Khajuraho Dance Festival 2018 was held at Khajuraho temple, a UNESCO world heritage site in Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Khajuraho Dance Festival is annual cultural festival that highlights richness of various Indian classical dance styles.
  • The 6-day festival showcased classical dances including Kathak, Odissi, Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Mohiniattam.
  • Art Mart, which is part of festival showcased paintings of international artists from Germany, France and China among other countries.
  • During the festival, dances were performed in an openair auditorium, in front of Vishwanatha Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Chitragupta Temple dedicated to Sun God.

  • The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres (109 mi) southeast of Jhansi. They are one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The temples are famous for their Nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures
  • Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 and 1050 by the Chandela dynasty. Historical records note that the Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by the 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometers Of these, only about 25 temples have survived, spread over 6 square kilometers.
  • Of the various surviving temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is decorated with a profusion of sculptures with intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art
  • Most temples were built during the reigns of the Hindu kings Yashovarman and Dhanga.
  • Yashovarman's legacy is best exhibited by The Lakshmana Temple.
  • Vishvanatha temple best highlights King Dhanga's reign.
  • The largest and currently most famous surviving temple is Kandariya Mahadeva built in the reign of King Vidyadhara. The temple inscriptions suggest many of the currently surviving temples were complete between 970 and 1030 CE, with further temples completed during the following decades.
  • The Khajuraho temples were built about 35 miles from the medieval city of Mahoba, the capital of the Chandela dynasty, in the Kalinjar region. In ancient and medieval literature, their kingdom has been referred to as Jijhoti, Jejahoti, Chih-chi-to and Jejakabhukti.
  • Khajuraho was mentioned by Abu Rihan-al-Biruni, the Persian historian who accompanied Mahmud of Ghazni in his raid of Kalinjar in 1022 CE; he mentions Khajuraho as the capital of Jajahuti.
  • The raid was unsuccessful, and a peace accord was reached when the Hindu king agreed to pay a ransom to Mahmud of Ghazni to end the attack and leave
  • Delhi Sultanate, under the command of the Muslim Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak, attacked and seized the Chandela kingdom.

  • About a century later, Ibn Battuta, the Moroccan traveller in his memoirs about his stay in India from 1335 to 1342 CE, mentioned visiting Khajuraho temples, calling them "Kajarra"
  • The 10th century Bhand Deva Temple in Rajasthan was built in the style of the Khajuraho monuments and is often referred to as 'Little Khajuraho'.

MCQ 2

  • Regarding the recent theatre Olympics held in new delhi
  • (1) it was the first time this kind of Olympics happened in india
  • (2) it was organized by national school of drama
  • (3) theme is flag of culture
  • Choose the right options :

(A) 1 & 2

(B) All are correct

(C) 2 only

(D) None of the above

  • The Theatre Olympics was established in 1993 in Delphi, Greece, on the initiative of the famous Greek theatre director, Theodoros Terzopoulos.
  • TO is an international theatre festival, which is presenting some of the achievements of the greatest theatre practitioners from around the world. It is a platform for theatrical exchange, a gathering place for students and masters, where a dialogue despite ideological, culture and language differences is encouraged. Moreover, as its subtitle suggests, Crossing Millennia, it is an initiative that emphasizes the importance of connecting the past, present, and future together
  • For this reason, the festival is promoting richness and diversity of theatre heritage and also all kinds of experiments and research in the field of performing arts. The goal of the TO is to strengthen and reestablish the statues of contemporary theatre in the world. This objective is achieved by contributing to the growth of international collaboration, building a network among artists all over the world and, creating an opportunity for the host of the festival to showcase and promote their work in theatre and other performing arts.
  • The Olympics are being held in 17 different cities, with opening ceremony in New Delhi and closing ceremony in Mumbai
  • Theme: The Flag of Friendship
  • According to their decisions the TO is a non-profit organization. Its administrative headquarters are located in Athens, Greece (European office) and in Togamura, Japan (Asian office)

MCQ 3

  • Regarding temples in the world
  • (1) World’s largest religious monument is angkorwat temple complex in Thailand
  • (2) There is no hindu temple in middle east muslim countries.
  • (3) Hinduism is the most followed religion in the world
  • Choose the correct options

(A) Only 1

(B) 1 & 2

(C) all

(D) none

  • Angkor Wat ("Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world, on a site measuring 162.6 hectares (1,626,000 m2 ; 402 acres).
  • It was originally constructed as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu for the Khmer Empire, gradually transforming into a Buddhist temple towards the end of the 12th century.
  • It was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in YaÅ›odharapura (present-day Angkor), the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum.
  • Breaking from the Shaiva tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu.
  • As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture.
  • It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors
  • Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple-mountain and the later galleried temple.
  • It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next. At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers.
  • Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone-laying ceremony for construction of first traditional Hindu temple in Al Wathba, Abu Dhabi, the capital city of United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE government had allocated land for the temple during PM Modi’s first visit to the gulf country in 2015
  • It will be the first traditional Hindu stone temple in the Middle East. The temple design and structure is along the lines of the Akshardham temple in Delhi and other places.
  • It will be completed by 2020 and open to people of all religious backgrounds.
  • Nearly 75 per cent of the world's population practices one of the five most influential religions of the world: Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism.
  • Christianity and Islam are the two religions most widely spread across the world. These two religions together cover the religious affiliation of more than half of the world's population.
  • If all non-religious people formed a single religion, it would be the world's third largest.