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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF -

Date: 28 February 2019


  • Minister to lay foundation stone for National Institute of Unani Medicine at Ghaziabad Tomorrow The NIUM, Ghaziabad, an extension of the existing NIUM, Bangalore, would be developed in 10 acres with an approximate cost of Rs. 300.00 crore.
  • Once established, the NIUM, Ghaziabad, with a 200 bedded hospital, would be one of the largest institutes of Unani Medicine in Northern India.
  • Besides providing healthcare services, the NIUM would have facilities for quality research and education at postgraduate and PhD levels. The land for the establishment of the NIUM, Ghaziabad has been provided by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India.

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

  • Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare releases 2nd Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2018-19
  • The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season (June to September, 2018) has been 9% lower than Long Period Average (LPA).
  • The cumulative rainfall in North West India, Central India and South Peninsula during the aforesaid period has been overall normal. Most of the major crops producing states have witnessed normal monsoon rainfall.
  • Accordingly, the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2018-19 has been estimated higher than their normal production. These estimates are subject to revision on account of more precise information flowing over time.
  • As per 2nd Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during 2018-19 is as under: • Foodgrains – 281.37 million tonnes.
  • Rice – 115.60 million tonnes. (record)
  • Nutri / Coarse Cereals – 42.64 million tonnes.
  • Maize – 27.80 million tonnes.
  • Pulses – 24.02 million tonnes.
  • Tur – 3.68 million tonnes.
  • Gram – 10.32 million tonnes.
  • Oilseeds – 31.50 million tonnes.
  • Soyabean – 13.69 million tonnes
  • Rapeseed and Mustard – 8.40 million tonnes
  • Groundnut – 6.97 million tonnes
  • Cotton – 30.09 million bales (of 170 kg each)
  • Jute & Mesta -10.07 million bales (of 180 kg each)
  • Sugarcane – 380.83 million tones

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

  • India-Korea Startup Hub Launched India Korea Business Symposium was hosted by Invest India and Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI)in Seoul on 21st Feburary, 2019.The Symposium was organized to felicitate the Korean business community on their success in India and to present more opportunities for Korean business in India.
  • Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, addressed the business gathering on the way ahead to further strengthen bilateral ties between India and the Republic of Korea. Over 400 Korean business leaders, which included corporate groups like CJ Group, Hyundai, Young one Corporation, Samsung, LG, Lotte Group, SK Group and Hyosung were present on this occasion.
  • Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, launched the India-Korea Startup Hub and Startup Grand Challenge. The Hub is hosted on the Startup India digital platform, the world’s largest virtual incubator with over 300,000 registered startups and aspiring entrepreneurs.
  • The Startup Grand Challenge, on the India-Korea Startup Hub, will channelize the entrepreneurial capacity between Indian and Korean Startups to work together and build solutions for the challenges facing the world. Initial challenges will be focusing on issues across the themes of Credit Rating, Predictive Analytics, Fraud Detection, Cyber Security, Primary/Secondary/Tertiary Healthcare.
  • The State Bank of India and Mahindra Group of India will be mentoring, providing pilot project opportunities, and financial support of upto USD 50,000 to the winners.

Ministry of Finance

  •  Sale of Electoral Bonds at Authorised Branches of State Bank of India (SBI)
  • Government of India has notified the Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 vide Gazette Notification No. 20 dated 02ndJanuary 2018. As per provisions of the Scheme, Electoral Bonds may be purchased by a person (as defined in item No. 2 (d) of Gazette Notification), who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India. A person being an individual can buy Electoral Bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals.
  • Only the Political Parties registered under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and which secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last General Election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State, shall be eligible to receive the Electoral Bonds.
  • The Electoral Bonds shall be encashed by an eligible Political Party only through a Bank account with the Authorized Bank.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorized to issue and en cash Electoral Bonds through its 29 Authorized Branches (as per list enclosed) in the months of March, April and May 2019 as per below mentioned schedule.

i) 01.03.2019 to 15.03.2019

ii) 01.04.2019 to 20.04.2019

iii) 06.05.2019 to 15.05.2019

  • The Electoral Bonds shall be valid for fifteen calendar days from the date of issue and no payment shall be made to any payee Political Party if the Electoral Bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period. The Electoral Bond deposited by an eligible Political Party in its account shall be credited on the same day.

Prime Minister's Office

  •  PM to confer Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes for Science and Technology
  •  The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will attend the award ceremony for the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi, on 28 February 2019.
  •  The Prime Minister will confer the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes for 2016, 2017 and 2018 to the awardees. He will also address the gathering.
  •  The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize is named after the founder Director of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Dr. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar.
  • The Prize is given each year to recognize outstanding Indian work in various disciplines of Science and Technology.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  •  Smt Anupriya Patel inaugurates the ‘International Digital Health Symposium’ “India has taken the digital inclusion approach to ensure all levels of health services and to include appropriate digital health interventions.”
  •  Smt. Anupriya Patel also inaugurated the exhibition on Digital Health as part of the Symposium, where participant countries along with various Government Ministries, states and other stakeholders showcased key innovations, implementation experiences and innovative Digital Health Interventions.
  •  The Digital Health Symposium follows the twoday Global Digital Health Partnership (GDHP) summit and allows wide engagement with innovators, clinical leaders, academia, researchers, healthcare establishments, government representatives, international and national technical experts, entrepreneurs and the research community.

Ministry of Railways

  •  Shri Piyush Goyal announces “South Coast Railway (SCoR)” a new Zone of Indian Railways
  •  As per item 8 of Schedule 13 (Infrastructure) of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014, Indian Railways was required to examine establishing a new railway zone in the successor State of Andhra Pradesh.
  •  The matter has been examined in detail in consultation with stake holders and it has been decided to go ahead with creation of a new zone with headquarter at Visakhapatnam.
  •  The new zone named “South Coast Railway (SCoR)”, will comprise of existing Guntakal, Guntur and Vijayawada divisions.
  •  Waltair division shall be split into two parts. One part of Waltair division will be incorporated in the new zone i.e. in South Coast Railway and will be merged with the neighbouring Vijaywada division.
  • Remaining portion of Waltair division shall be converted into a new division with headquarter at Rayagada under East Coast Railway (ECoR).
  •  South Central Railway will comprise of Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Nanded divisions.

Ministry of Human Resource Development

  •  Union HRD Minister launches the Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities
  • SHREYAS will help the youth to obtain gainful employment and contribute to country’s progress: Shri Prakash Javadekar (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates exiting in April 2019 through the National Apprenticeship Promotional Scheme (NAPS). Launched in New Delhi today, the program aims to enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend.
  •  He informed that SHREYAS is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education and also amalgamate employment facilitating efforts of the Government into the education system so that clear pathways towards employment opportunities are available to students during and after their graduation.


  • Following are the objectives of SHREYAS
  • To improve employability of students by introducing employment relevance into the learning process of the higher education system
  • To forge a close functional link between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis • To provide skills which are in demand, to the students in a dynamic manner
  • To establish an ‘earn while you learn’ system into higher education
  • To help business/ industry in securing good quality manpower
  • To link student community with employment facilitating efforts of the Government


Operation of the Scheme

  • The primary scheme will be operated in conjunction with National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) which provides for placing of apprentices upto 10% of the total work force in every business/industry. The scheme will be implemented by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) , initially the Banking Finance Insurance Services (BFSI), Retail, Health care, Telecom, Logistics, Media, Management services, ITeS and Apparel. More sectors would be added over time with emerging apprenticeship demand and curriculum adjustments.

Three Tracks in Implementation in SHREYAS

  • The programme would witness simultaneous implementation along three tracks.

1st Track: Add-on apprenticeship (Degree apprenticeship):

2nd track: – Embedded Apprenticeship

3rd Track: Linking National Career Service with Colleges: