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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 27 May 2019

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

  • Cabinet approves dissolution of the Sixteenth Lok Sabha
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval to the Resolution advising the President to dissolve the Sixteenth Lok Sabha, which was constituted on 18.05.2014.
  • Background:
  • Article 83(2) of the Constitution stipulates that the House of the People, unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of five years shall operate as dissolution of the House.
  • The first meeting of the Sixteenth Lok Sabha was held on June 4, 2014, when members were administered oath and affirmation. The life of the present Lok Sabha is, therefore, to expire on June 3, 2019, unless the President dissolves it earlier.
  • A statement showing the last dates of the polls, dates of the constitution, first sitting and expiration of term and dissolution of the First to Fifteenth Lok Sabha is attached.

Ministry of Defence

  • IAF’s AN-32 Aircraft formally Certified to Operate on Indigenous Bio-Jet Fuel
  • Today, IAF’s formidable workhorse, the Russian made AN-32 aircraft was formally fleet certified to fly on blended aviation fuel containing up to 10% of indigenous bio-jet fuel. The approval certificate was received at the aero-engine test facilities at Chandigarh by Air Commodore Sanjiv Ghuratia VSM, Air Officer Commanding, 3 BRD, AF on behalf of the IAF from Mr P Jayapal, Chief Executive CEMILAC.
  • The IAF has undertaken a series of evaluation tests and trials with this green aviation fuel for the last one year. The scope of these checks was in consonance with the international aviation standards. Today’s approval is an acknowledgement of the meticulous testing using the indigenous bio-jet fuel by the IAF.
  • The indigenous bio-jet fuel was first produced by the CSIR-IIP lab at Dehradun in 2013, but could not be tested or certified for commercial use on aircraft due to lack of test facilities in the civil aviation sector.
  • On 27 July, 2018, Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa PVSM AVSM YSM VM ADC had formally announced IAF’s intention to permit the use of all its resources for testing and certifying the indigenous fuel. Since then, IAF’s flight test crew and engineers have been evaluating the performance of this fuel against international standards. This is a huge step in promoting the ‘Make in India’ mission as this bio-fuel would be produced from Tree Borne Oils (TBOs) sourced from tribal areas and farmers, augmenting their income substantially.

Ministry of Defence

  • DRDO Successfully Flight-Tested Guided Bomb
  • Defence Research and Defence Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested a 500 kg class Inertial Guided Bomb today from Su-30 MKI Aircraft from the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan. The guided bomb achieved the desired range and hit the target with high precision.
  • All the mission objectives have been met. The weapon system is capable of carrying different warheads.

MCQ 1

  • Which one of them are under Kranti mandir series complex
  1. Drishya kala Museum
  2. Museum on 1947 freedom struggle
  3. Yaad e Jalliyan Museum
  4. Netaji Bose Museum

(A) 3 & 4

(B) 1,3,4

(C) All

(D) 2,3,4

  • New Delhi:The Minister of State for Culture and Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Mahesh Sharma inaugurated ‘Azaadi ke Diwane’ museum at Red Fort. Created by Archaeological Survey of India, the museum within the Red Fort complex pays homage to all the unsung heroes of freedom struggle of the nation, who would have otherwise been merged away in forgetfulness. The museum is fifth in the series of recently inaugurated museums in the Red Fort Complex – others being, Subhash Chandra Bose and INA museum, Yaad-e-Jallian museum, Museum on 1857 – India’s first war of Independence and Drishyakala – Museum on Indian Art.
  • The ‘Azaadi ke Diwane’ museum talks about the sacrifices of great freedom fighters. It pays tribute to the selfless sacrifices of the revolutionaries, brave female freedom fighters and valiant children.

MCQ 2

  • Raisina dialogue is related to
  1. Climate change
  2. Sustainable future
  3. Urbanization
  4. Geopolitics & foreign Policy
  • This is an annual geo-political event, organised by the Ministry of External Affairs and Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
  • It is designed to explore prospects and opportunities for Asian integration as well as Asia’s integration with the larger world. It is predicated on India’s vital role in the Indian Ocean Region and how India along with its partners can build a stable regional and world order.
  • Participants: The conference is a multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral meeting involving policy and decision-makers, including but not limited to Foreign, Defence and Finance Ministers of different countries, high-level government officials and policy practitioners, leading personalities from business and industry, and members of the strategic community, media and academia.
  • Significance of the event: The Raisina Dialogue was born in 2016, in the belief that the Asian century that the world was talking about was not about any exclusive geographical region. It was rather about the engagement of global actors with Asia and of Asia with the world. So this dialogue took birth as a platform, where the old and the new could work together, to discover their connections, their inter-dependence.

MCQ 3

  • Measles is a _______disease
  1. Bacterial
  2. Viral
  3. Vector borne
  4. Protozoa

MCQ 4

  • Choose correct regarding Asia Cooperation dialogue  
  1. is an inter-governmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations of ASIA only
  2. India hosted the 2018 summit

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) none

  • The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an inter-governmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Eurasian Economic Union.
  • India was among the founding members .
  • The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since March 2016, the organization consists of 34 states.

MCQ 5

  • Regarding United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund choose correct :
  1. UNECE is honoured to host the Secretariat of the Trust Fund
  2. it is established as road safety is not included in SDG 2030
  3. UN declared 2011 -2020 decade of Action for road safety

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 1 & 3

(C) 2 & 3

(D) all

  • "Road traffic deaths and injuries have become a serious and urgent global concern. Around 1.3 million drivers, passengers and pedestrians die each year, and up to 50 million are injured on the world's roads,"
  • "The Road Safety Trust Fund will serve as a catalyst for much-needed progress towards the road safety targets of the Sustainable Development Goals," UNECE head Olga Algayerova said.
  • "(The Trust Fund) has the potential to galvanise our global efforts to address the road safety situation, building on the progress made and experience gained over the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011- 2020,"
  • The trust fund will support efforts along the five pillars of the global plan for the decade of action for road safety, which include
  • Strengthened road safety management capacities;
  • Improved safety of road infrastructure and broader transport networks;
  • Enhanced safety of vehicles;
  • Improved behaviour of road users;
  • And improved post-crash care.
  • we are far from being on track to halve the number of road traffic deaths by 2020– the target set out in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Established at the request of the Secretary-General following the suggestion made by United Nations Member States, the Fund will mobilize resources from governments, intergovernmental or nongovernmental organizations, the private sector, philanthropic organizations and individuals.
  • UNECE is honoured to host the Secretariat of the Trust Fund, and, as home to both the United Nations road safety conventions and the Secretariat of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, is committed to working with all stakeholders to multiply the impact of global action to improve road safety”.
  • About the road safety targets of the Sustainable Development Goals
  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by United Nations Member States in 2015, contains targets on road safety in two of its 17 Sustainable Development Goals:
  • Sustainable Development Goal 3
  • “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. Target 3.6: By 2020, halve the number of global deaths from road traffic accidents.
  • Sustainable Development Goal 11
  • “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.
  • Target 11.2: By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons.

MCQ 6

  • Choose correct regarding IHP+
  1. The International Health Partnership (IHP+) is a group of partners committed to improving the health of citizens in developing countries
  2. This global initiative is administered by the UNICEF and the World Bank.
  3. "seven behaviours“ is the key term related to it

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 & 3

(C) 1 & 3

(D) all

  • The International Health Partnership (IHP+) is a group of partners committed to improving the health of citizens in developing countries. International organizations, bilateral agencies and country governments all sign the IHP+ Global Compact. They commit to putting the principles for aid effectiveness and development cooperation into practice in the health sector. IHP+ achieves results by mobilizing national governments, development agencies, civil society and others to support a single, country-led national health strategy. Partners aim to hold one another to account. This global initiative is administered by the World Health Organization and the World Bank.
  • Faster progress to achieve results requires governments, CSOs, the private sector and especially international development partners to take action. The most critical areas for action for development partners have become known as the "seven behaviours“
  • IHP+ has partners from around the world including developing countries, civil society organizations (CSOs) and development partners

MCQ 7

  • Choose correct regarding Global Compact :
  1. The United Nations Global Compact is a United Nations initiative to encourage businesses worldwide to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies
  2. UN Global Compact - Cities Programme was launched in 2002 and secretariat is in Hyderabad

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) none

  • The United Nations Global Compact is a United Nations initiative to encourage businesses worldwide to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies, and to report on their implementation. The UN Global Compact is a principle-based framework for businesses, stating ten principles in the areas of human rights, labour, the environment and anti-corruption. Under the Global Compact, companies are brought together with UN agencies, labour groups and civil society. Cities can join the Global Compact through the Cities Programme
  • The UN Global Compact is the world's largest corporate sustainability (a.k.a. corporate social responsibility) initiative with 13000 corporate participants and other stakeholders over 170 countries with two objectives: "Mainstream the ten principles in business activities around the world" and "Catalyse actions in support of broader UN goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)". Moving forward, The UN Global Compact and its signatories are deeply invested and enthusiastic about supporting work towards the SDGs
  • officially launched at UN Headquarters in New York on 26 July 2000. The Global Compact Office works on the basis of a mandate set out by the UN General Assembly as an organization that "promotes responsible business practices and UN values among the global business community and the UN System.
  • Human Rights
  • Businesses should:
  • Principle 1: Support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; and
  • Principle 2: Make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
  • Labour Standards
  • Businesses should uphold:
  • Principle 3: the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
  • Principle 4: the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;
  • Principle 5: the effective abolition of child labour; and
  • Principle 6: the elimination of discrimination in employment and occupation.
  • Environment
  • Businesses should:
  • Principle 7: support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;
  • Principle 8: undertake initiatives to promote environmental responsibility; and
  • Principle 9: encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.
  • Anti-Corruption
  • Principle 10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery.
  • In 2001, the City of Melbourne proposed that cities as well as corporations should be allowed to join the UN Global Compact, arguing that this would provide a clear statement of a city's commitment to positive change, as well as motivating participation in international dialogue. The proposal was accepted, and the UN Global Compact - Cities Programme was launched in 2002. It was formed as an urban-focused component of the Global Compact with its International Secretariat initially located in Melbourne, Australia. The aim of the programme is to improve urban life in cities throughout the world.
  • Melbourne became the first city to engage the Global Compact in June 2001. There are, as of 2016, over 130 member cities in the programme.