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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 22 March 2019

 

Ministry of Finance

  •  Rate of Exchange of conversion of the Foreign Currencies notified
  • In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962), and in supersession of the notification of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) No.21/2019-CUSTOMS (N.T.), dated 7 th March, 2019 except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and
  • Customs (CBIC) hereby determines that the Rate of Exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currencies specified in column (2) of each of Schedule I and Schedule II annexed hereto, into Indian currency or vice versa, shall, with effect from 21st March, 2019 be the rate mentioned against it in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof, for the purpose of the said Section, relating to imported and export goods.

 

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

  •  Water Storage level of 91 major reservoirs of the country goes down by two percent
  •  The water storage available in 91 major reservoirs of the country for the week ending on March 20, 2019 was 54.002 BCM, which is 33% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. This percentage was at 35% for the week ending on March 14, 2019. The level of water storage in the week ending on March 20, 2019 was 109% of the storage of corresponding period of last year and 98% of storage of average of last ten years.
  •  The total storage capacity of these 91 reservoirs is 161.993 BCM which is about 63% of the total storage capacity of 257.812 BCM which is estimated to have been created in the country. 37 Reservoirs out of these 91 have hydropower benefit with installed capacity of more than 60 MW.

Election Commission

  • Social Media Platforms present “Voluntary Code of Ethics for the 2019 General Election” to Election Commission of India
  • The Social Media Platforms and Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), today presented a “Voluntary Code of Ethics for the General Election 2019” to Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sunil Arora and Election Commissioners Shri Ashok Lavasa and Shri Sushil Chandra. The Code of Ethics has been developed as a follow up to the yesterday’s meeting with IAMAI and representatives of Social Media Platforms including Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Google, ShareChat and TikTok etc.
  • Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sunil Arora while appreciating the steps taken, said that formulation of the Code augurs a good beginning but is essentially, a work in making. He said the Participants need to follow in letter and spirit the commitments made in the Code of Ethics. The Platforms have committed to process any violations reported under Section 126 of RP Act, 1951 within three hours as per Sinha Committee recommendations.
  • The Platforms have also agreed to create a high priority dedicated reporting mechanism for the ECI and appoint dedicated teams during the period of General Elections for taking expeditious action on any reported violations. Participants have also agreed to provide a mechanism for political advertisers to submit pre-certified advertisements issued by Media Certification and Monitoring Committee. The Code of Ethics also promises to facilitate transparency in paid political advertisements. IAMAI has agreed to coordinate with participants various steps mentioned in this code. Participants have also committed to voluntarily undertake voter awareness campaigns.
  • The ‘Code of Ethics” has been developed to ensure free, fair & ethical usage of Social Media Platforms to maintain the integrity of the electoral process for the General Elections 2019. The Code voluntarily agreed upon by the Participants comes into operation with immediate effect.

 Ministry of Defence

  • Induction of Indigenous Bridge in Corps of Engineers
  •  In another inspring example of indigenization of defence equipment, 5 Metre Short Span Bridge was formally handed over to the Indian Army on 20 March 2019 in a ceremony at the Talegaon facility of Larsen & Toubro Limited.
  • The Bridge is indigenously designed & developed and is the result of close coordination between the Corps of Engineers and the DRDO laboratory at Pune R&DE (Engineers).
  • The equipment has been manufactured by Larsen & Toubro Limited and has been delivered three months ahead of schedule.
  •  All stakeholders have put in concerted efforts to overcome challenges and realise the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the government, which aims to ensure self sufficiency in our defence needs.
  • The Bridge will meet the important requirement of providing mobility to own forces by speedy establishment of bridges. The Bridge is one of the numerous indigenous projects of Corps of Engineers which have made significant progress and are nearing induction and will soon join the units of Corps of Engineers.

 

WHO to release new package to improve treatment of multidrug-resistant TB

  • Since 2000, 54 million lives have been saved, and TB deaths have fallen by onethird. But 10 million people still fall ill with TB each year, with too many missing out on vital care.
  • The theme of this year’s World TB Day, which falls on March 24, is ‘It’s time to end TB’. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has issued new guidance to improve treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and recommended shifting to fully oral regimens to treat people with MDR-TB.
  • On Friday, key partners will come together at a World TB Day symposium at WHO in Geneva to develop a collaborative multistakeholder and multi-sectoral platform to accelerate actions to end TB.
  • WHO will present the new package at the meeting.
  • This new treatment course is more effective and is less likely to provoke adverse side effects, according to a statement issued by WHO. The organization recommends backing up treatment with active monitoring of drug safety, and providing counselling support to help patients complete their course of treatment.
  • The recommendations are part of a larger package of actions that has been designed to help countries increase the pace of progress to end tuberculosis. “The theme of this year’s World TB Day is: It’s time to end TB,” said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesusl. “We are highlighting the urgent need to translate commitments made at the 2018 UN High-Level Meeting on TB into actions that ensure everyone who needs TB care can get it.”
  • Since 2000, 54 million lives have been saved, and TB deaths have fallen by one-third. But 10 million people still fall ill with TB each year, with too many missing out on vital care. The WHO package is designed to help countries close gaps in healthcare and ensuring that no one is left behind.
  1. Key elements include an accountability framework to coordinate actions across sectors and to monitor and review progress,
  2. a dashboard to help countries know more about their own epidemics through real-time monitoring by moving to electronic TB surveillance systems,
  3. a guide for effective prioritization of planning and implementation of impactful TB interventions based on analyses of patient pathways in accessing care and
  4. New WHO guidelines on infection control and preventive treatment for latent TB infection.

India to face Nepal for title clash at SAFF Women's Championship

  • In football, four-time defending champions India will face hosts Nepal in the final of 5th SAFF Women's Championship in Biratnagar on Friday.
  • The match will begin at 2.45 PM. India entered the final after beating Bangladesh 4-nil in the semifinal on Wednesday. In the first semi-final of the day, Nepal beat Sri Lanka 4-nil to enter the final.
  • This will be fourth title clash between the two teams, India had won on earlier three occasions. India have an unbeaten record in the championship and they have won all 22 matches since the inception of the tournament in 2010.
  • The SAFF Women's Championship, also called the South Asian Football Federation Women's Cup, is the main association football competition of the women's national football teams governed by the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF). Seven members currently compete in the tournament. Formerly, eight members competed, before the departure of Afghanistan from SAFF.

India bag 368 medals at Special Olympics World Games

  • India has bagged 368 medals –
  • 85 Gold, 154 Silver and 129 Bronze at Special Olympic Games in Abu Dhabi. Our correspondent reports that the eight-day extravaganza finally drew to a close in a spectacular ceremony on Thursday evening.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has congratulated the Indian medalists. In a tweet, he said it is a proud day for the county. Mr Modi said, the fortitude and accomplishments of the sportspersons will inspire millions.
  • The next Special Olympic Games are set to take place in Sweden in