We have launched our mobile app, get it now. Call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584.  

Current Affairs

Filter By Article

Filter By Article

Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 20 April 2019

MCQ 1

  1. The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) was established in 2011
  2. India is the largest contributor of peacekeepers to UNMISS with more than 2,400 military and police personnel currently deployed the mission.
  • Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C) Both

(D)None

  • The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is the newest United Nations peacekeeping mission for the recently independent South Sudan, which became independent on 9 July 2011. UNMISS was established on 8 July 2011 by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1996 (2011). UNMISS is since December 2016 headed by Special Representative of the SecretaryGeneral David Shearer .
  • As of August 2015, it is composed of 12,523 total personnel (11,350 military and 1,173 police). It is headquartered in the South Sudanese capital of Juba
  • 150 Indian peacekeepers in S Sudan awarded medal of honour for dedicated service
  • The medals were given to the 150 Indian peacekeepers serving in UNMISS in Malakal during a ceremony filled with parades and performances by a piped band.
  • Through October 2018, 3,767 people from over 100 countries had been killed while serving on peacekeeping missions. Many of those came from India (163), Nigeria (153), Pakistan (150), Bangladesh (146), and Ghana (138). Thirty percent of the fatalities in the first 55 years of UN peacekeeping occurred in the years 1993-1995. About 4.5% of the troops and civilian police deployed in UN peacekeeping missions come from the European Union and less than one percent from the United States (USA)
  • Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. Accordingly, UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
  • The United Nations Charter gives the United Nations Security Council the power and responsibility to take collective action to maintain international peace and security. For this reason, the international community usually looks to the Security Council to authorize peacekeeping operations through Chapter VII authorizations

MCQ 2

  1. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) is a people-led sanitation movement in rural India and is on track to achieve an ODF India by October 2022
  2. National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 found toilet usage in rural India to be 96.5%.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C) Both

(D)None

Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation

  • Media Clarification on Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
  • An opinion piece titled “The truth about Swachh Bharat” was published yesterday in The Telegraph. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation would like to place on record its response to the claims made in the piece about the progress made under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) and the veracity of the findings of the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19.
  • The piece compares the nationwide 90240 household survey, NARSS, conducted in over 6000 villages, with a study of four states conducted by r.i.c.e. that surveyed merely 1558 households in 157 villages in the four States. Surprisingly, the piece seems to attach greater credibility to this statistically insignificant and nonrepresentative sample survey than the large-scale NARSS survey. It is relevant to mention here that the methodology and processes of NARSS have been developed and approved by an empowered and independent Expert Working Group (EWG) comprising leading experts on statistics and sanitation which include Prof. Amitabh Kundu, Dr N. C Saxena, World Bank, UNICEF, BMGF, Water Aid India, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI), among others. The EWG oversaw the entire survey process and some of the members also conducted field visits to validate the data collection process and do a thorough quality check on the results.
  • The piece calls the nationally representative and expert validated NARSS survey “statistical jugglery” while believing the statistics of the r.i.c.e. survey, which was found to be rife with gaps in methodology and bias of the surveyors which was evident in the questionnaire design itself. These gaps have been highlighted by this Ministry in detail through a media statement published on the PIB website, dated January 9, 2019.
  • The NARSS 2018-19 is the largest independent sanitation survey in the country to date, making it the most representative sanitation survey in the country. The survey has found toilet usage in rural India to be 96.5%.
  • Two more independent surveys conducted in the past by the Quality Council of India in 2017, and National Sample Survey Organization in 2016, also found the usage of these toilets to be 91% and 95% respectively.
  • These results speak for themselves and cannot conceivably be achieved without true behavior change happening at the grassroots. The claims made in this opinion piece about the programme being focused on toilet construction rather than behavior change, therefore, seem to be either ignorant or biased. The piece goes as far as to quote a 2008 study with the aim to debunk a programme that was launched only in 2014. Glaring inconsistencies like this, aside from quoting anecdotal incidents in an attempt to debunk statistically proven results points further to the obvious bias of the authors.
  • The Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) is a people-led sanitation movement in rural India and is on track to achieve an ODF India by October 2019.

MCQ 3

Raavana-1 is

  1. A missile
  2. A space satellite
  3. Military document
  4. Cultural Festival

  • Ravana 1’ is part of the project ‘BIRDS’ which is led by the Kyushu Institute of Technology in Japan. It has been designed to help countries to build their first satellite with the assistance of the United Nations. This is the third phase of the ‘BIRDS’ project. Along with Sri Lanka, Nepal and Japan also launched their satellites into space on the same day.

MCQ 4

  1. The Face of Disasters 2019 report was released by NDMA
  2. India is staring at extremes of too little and too much rainfall in 2019. There is a significant drought condition even before the onset of summers.
  • Choose correct

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C) Both

(D)None

Water related disasters to be on the rise reveals ‘Face of Disasters’ report by SEEDS

  • India is staring at extremes of too little and too much rainfall in 2019. There is a significant drought condition even before the onset of summers. Extreme floods in unexpected locations during the Monsoons are fast becoming a new normal.
  • Additionally, the report delves into the changing face of disaster risks and the need to look at ‘disasters’ from a broader perspective, with roots in resource management practices
  • The report aims to bring about a conversation on building a sustainable future, which is beyond response to disasters
  • Born in 1994, SEEDS (Sustainable Environment and Ecological Development Society) had one ultimate goal: protecting the lives and livelihoods of people exposed to disasters. Today, we persist along the same path, continuing to focus on integrating locally based approached into each of our programs. Behind this work lies a diverse SEEDS team consisting of young professionals from various development- related fields. It is governed and advised by a board of eminent academicians and practitioners from international organisations.

MCQ 5

  1. Navies of India and Vietnam held a four-day maritime exercise off Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam.
  2. INS Vikramaditya is taking part in it
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • In 2016, during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Vietnam, the relations between the two countries were elevated to the level of Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
  • Indian Navy's war ships Kolkata and Shakti participated in the annual exercise, comprising a harbour and a sea phase, the Indian Navy said.

MCQ 6

  1. Titan is the moon of Jupiter
  2. Recently small water lakes have been found on it.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

MCQ 7

  1. National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) was launched by FAO
  2. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) is established under it
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute was established by Government of India on February 3rd 1947 under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and later it joined the ICAR family in 1967. During the course of over 65 years the Institute has emerged as a leading tropical marine fisheries research institute in the world.
  • National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) was launched during February 2011, by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with the funding from Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The mega project has three major objectives of strategic research, technology demonstrations and capacity building. Assessment of the impact of climate change simultaneous with formulation of adaptive strategies is the prime approach under strategic research across all sectors of agriculture, dairying and fisheries. Evolving climate resilient agricultural technologies that would increase farm production and productivity vis-à-vis continuous management of natural and manmade resources constitute an integral part of sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change. The four modules of NICRA – natural resource management, improving soil health, crop production and livestock – is aimed making the farmers self-reliant

Objectives

  1. To enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies.
  2. To demonstrate site specific technology packages on farmers' fields for adapting to current climate risks.
  3. To enhance the capacity of scientists and other stakeholders in climate resilient agricultural research and its application.