- Which of the following are GHGs?
(a) CO2, O2, NO2, NH3
(b) CFC, CO2, NH3, N2
(c) CH4, N2, CO2, NH3
(d) CFC, CO2, CH4, NO2
- Which of the following adds/add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on the planet Earth?
- Volcanic action
- Decay of organic matter
- Select the correct answer using the code given below. (UPSC Pre 2014)
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
- Consider the following statements:
- An important source methane are the paddy fields in the tropical regions.
- Digestive systems of animals also produce this gas in large amounts.
- Which of the above statement/statements is/arc true?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
- Green house effect is the heating up of the earth’ atmosphere which is due to
(a) The UV rays
(b) γ rays
(c) The Infra red rays
(d) X rays
- What is the major role of a greenhouse gas that contributes to temperature rise of the earths surface?
(a) Transparent to both incoming sunlight & outgoing infrared radiation.
(b) Stops both incoming sunlight & outgoing infrared radiation.
(c) Lets outgoing IR radiation pass through but stops incoming sunlight.
(d) Lets incoming sunlight pass through but stops outgoing IR radiation.
(B) 4 only
(C) 2 only
- The National Informatics Centre (NIC; Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is the premier science and technology organisation of the Government of India in informatics services and information and communication technology(ICT) applications. It is part of the Indian Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology's Department of Electronics & Information Technology. The NIC was established in 1976.
- It plays a pivotal role in steering e-governance applications in the governmental departments at national, state and district levels, enabling the improvement in, and a wider transparency of, government services. Almost all Indian-government websites are developed and managed by NIC.
- NIC offers telecommunications-networking services including Ku band (TDMA, FDMA, SCPC & satellite broadband) VSATs, wireless metropolitan-area networks (MANs) and local-area networks (LANs) with gateways for Internet- and Intranet-resource sharing.
- It is the network infrastructure and e-governance support to India's central government and state governments, union-territory administrations, administrative divisions and other government bodies. The NIC assists in implementing information-technology projects, in collaboration with central and state governments, in the areas of: Communication & Information Technology.
- NIC is a part of the Indian Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology's Department of Electronics & Information Technology and is headquartered in New Delhi. It has offices in all 29 state capitals and 7 union-territory headquarters and almost all districts. At New Delhi Headquarters, Mean Head a large number of Application Divisions exist which provide total Informatics Support to the Ministries and Departments of the Central Government. To cater to the ICT needs at the grassroots level, the NIC has also opened offices in almost all district collectorates. NIC Extends Technical Coordination and IT support to District Administration.
- NIC computer cells are located in almost all Ministry bhawans (buildings) of the central government and Apex offices including the Indian Prime Minister’s office, the Indian Presidential Palace (Rashtrapati Bhavan) and India's Parliament House (Sansad Bhavan). It also provides support to grassroot-level administration The NIC offers a host of services including:
- Computer-aided design (CAD)
- Electronic Transaction Aggregation & Analysis Layer (eTaal)
- Geographical-Information system (GIS)
- Domain-Name Registration and hosting for gov.in and nic.in domain
- Biomedical informatics
- Patent informatics
- Rural informatics
- Agriculture informatics, including hydrography
- Internet Data Centre (IDC)
- Mathematical Modelling and Simulation
- Computer networking
- office-procedure automation (OPA)
- Cybercrime forensics, also via eTaal
- Cyber Security
- Website hosting & website development
- Internet Services
- Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of ministry of science & technology
- It was Originally established to research and assemble High Performance Computers
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
- The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India.
- The National Centre for Software Technology (NCST), ER&DCI and CEDTI were merged into C-DAC in 2003
- After being denied a Cray supercomputer by the United States in 1987 due to a fear of it being used for military purposes, India started a programme to develop an indigenous supercomputer in collaboration with Russia.
- Supercomputers were considered a double edged weapon capable of assisting in the development of nuclear weapons.
- For the purpose of achieving self-sufficiency in the field, C-DAC was established by the Department of Electronics in 1988. Vijay Bhatkar was hired as the Director of C-DAC.The project was given an initial run of 3 years and an initial funding of â‚¹30,00,00,000 as the same amount of money and time was usually expended to secure the purchase of a supercomputer from the US.
- In 1990, a prototype was produced and was benchmarked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputering Show (CONPAR 1990?). It surpassed most other systems, placing second after US.
- The final result of the effort was the PARAM 8000, which was installed in 1991.It is considered India's first supercomputer
- Originally established to research and assemble High Performance Computers, the research of C-DAC now includes:
- High Performance Computing
- Grid Computing
- Cloud Computing
- Multilingual Computing
- Heritage Computing
- Embedded Systems
- Speech and Natural Language Processing
- Information and Cyber Security
- Ubiquitous Computing
- Digital forensics
- Centre of Excellence for Data Analytics (CEDA) was launched recently by
- NITI Aayog
- NIC & NICSI jointly
- National Informatics Centre (NIC) and National Informatics Centre Services Incorporated (NICSI) have jointly set up a Centre of Excellence for data analytics to support Government departments to unlock the hidden potential of the data that they are generating as part of the governance processes and use it to improve the overall governance.
- NIC as a premier technology advisor and ICT solution provider to Government at all levels, has always taken the first step to introduce the latest technologies and services in government, be it the introduction of ICT in Government, establishment of NICNET or National Knowledge Network (NKN), development of critical e-Governance solutions and a host of other services required by the Government. NICSI is a trusted partner of NIC and has been instrumental in supporting all NIC’s initiatives through provisioning of resources and establishing & managing ICT infrastructure such as National Data Center at Shastri Park, Development Center, Cloud infrastructure etc.
- Recognizing the emerging digital ecosystem, challenges and opportunities, CEDA is envisaged to kick-start and fast track the adoption of advanced analytics and machine learning capabilities and make it the locus of expertise for the Government department in this avant garde field.
- As per the 2018 report on Economic Freedom in the World, released by the Centre for Civil Society (CCS) in conjunction with Canada’s Fraser Institute, India stands at 96th rank out of 162 countries in economic freedom.
- Last year, India’s rank was 56th
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
- As per the 2018 report on Economic Freedom in the World, released by the Centre for Civil Society (CCS) in conjunction with Canada’s Fraser Institute, India stands at 96th rank out of 162 countries in economic freedom. Last year, India’s rank was 98. Hong Kong and Singapore again topped the index ranking first and second respectively.
- The other countries in the top 10 were: New Zealand, Switzerland, Ireland, the US, Georgia, Mauritius, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada (tied for 10th) respectively.
- Choose correct regarding The National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019
- The Bill provides for the establishment of the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (NCISM).
- The Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 and provide for a medical education system for Indian system of medicines
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
- The National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of State for AYUSH, Mr. Shripad Yesso Naik, on January 7, 2019. The Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 and provide for a medical education system which ensures:
- (i)availability of adequate and high quality medical professionals of Indian System of Medicine,
- (ii) adoption of the latest medical research by medical professionals of Indian System of Medicine,
- (iii) periodic assessment of medical institutions, and
- (iv) an effective grievance redressal mechanism.