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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 13 May 2019

CQ 1

  • Which of the following ingredients can used for production of ethanol for biofuels?
  1. Broken rice
  2. Rotten Potatoes
  3. Corn
  • Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 3

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) 1, 2 and 3

MCQ 2

  • Which of the followings are ‘Tipping points’-
  1. melting of Greenland ice,
  2. collapse of Antarctic glaciers (which would lead to several metres of sea level rise),
  3. destruction of Amazon forests,
  4. All of the above.

What are ‘Tipping points’?

  • ‘Tipping points’, are essentially the thresholds beyond which the earth’s systems are no longer able to stabilize.
  • The danger in crossing tipping points becomes higher with more warming.
  • Such tipping points include:
  • melting of Greenland ice,
  • collapse of Antarctic glaciers (which would lead to several metres of sea level rise),
  • destruction of Amazon forests,
  • melting of all the permafrost and so on.

MCQ 3

  1. NITI Aayog and United Nations in India sign Sustainable Development Framework for 2018-2025
  2. The NITI Aayog is the national counterpart for the UN in India for the operationalization of the UNSDF.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • The UNSDF outlines the development cooperation strategy between the Government of India and the United Nations Country Team in India, in support of the achievement of India’s key national development priorities and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The UNSDF was framed following a highly participative process, in consultation with government entities, civil society representatives, academia, and the private sector. The focus areas include poverty and urbanization; health, water, and sanitation; education; nutrition and food security; climate change, clean energy, and disaster resilience; skilling, entrepreneurship, and job creation; and gender equality and youth development.
  • Across outcome areas, the UN will support the Government of India on south-south cooperation, in partnership with the Ministry of External Affairs.
  • The total planned budget outlay for the implementation of the UNSDF 2018-2022 is approximately INR 11000 crore, of which 47 percent is planned to be mobilized through the course of implementation from multiple sources, including the private sector and the government.

MCQ 4

  • Financial Inclusion Index (FII) recently released by
  • NITI Aayog
  • Ministry of finance
  • IMF
  • WB
  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitley launched a common online platform for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) credit which will enable businesses to get loans up to Rs 10 million approved through a completely automated process within just 59 minutes.
  • Arun Jaitley launched the Financial Inclusion Index (FII) in New Delhi. The index will be released by the Department of Financial Services (DFS) under the Ministry of Finance by the end of this year and it would rate states on their performance on last-mile banking services availability.
  1. The index will include the following three measurement dimensions:

(i) Access to financial services

(ii) Usage of financial services

(iii) Quality.

MCQ 5

  1. AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural and industrial products in India
  2. It is not legally enforced in India just by notification it was started.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural products in India, assuring that they conform to a set of standards approved by the Directorate of Marketing and Inspection an attached Office of the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare under Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare an agency of the Government of India.
  • The AGMARK Head Office at Faridabad (Haryana). It is legally enforced in India by the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act of 1937 (and amended in 1986).
  • The present AGMARK standards cover quality guidelines for 222 different commodities spanning a variety of pulses, cereals, essential oils, vegetable oils, fruits and vegetables and semi-processed products like vermicelli
  • Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh launched online software for Agmark certification process.
  • The process is being implemented by the Directorate of Marketing & Inspection (DMI).

The online certification processes include:

  • Certificate of authorization (domestic),Permission of printing press, Permission of laboratories (domestic) and Services related to the laboratory information management system and Provisions for online receipt of fees from the applicants.

MCQ 6

  1. MDR-Tb is a bacterial disease with no cure
  2. India showed a personal commitment to tackling TB head-on as India plans to eliminate TB by 2025, with the SDG target of Tb elimination.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • JP Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare addressed at the ‘High-Level Meeting on Tuberculosis at the 73rd session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) at New York’.
  • He stated that India showed a personal commitment to tackling TB head-on as India plans to eliminate TB by 2025, five years ahead of the SDG target of 2030, by launching the TB Free India Campaign.

MCQ 7

  • AH-64 Apache is
  1. A artillery Gun
  2. Lander of Lunar mission
  3. Weather satellite
  4. Helicopter

Ministry of Defence

  • First Apache Helicopter formally handed over to The IAF
  • First AH-64E (I) - Apache Guardian helicopter was formally handed over to the Indian Air Force at Boeing production facility in Mesa, Arizona, USA on 10 May 19.
  • Air Marshal AS Butola, represented the Indian Air Force and accepted the first Apache in a ceremony at Boeing production facility, representatives from US Government were also present.
  • IAF had signed a contract with US Government and M/s Boeing Ltd in Sep 2015 for 22 Apache helicopters. The first batch of these helicopters is scheduled to be shipped to India by Jul this year. Selected aircrew and ground crew have undergone training at the training facilities at US Army base Fort Rucker, Alabama. These personnel will lead the operationalisation of the Apache fleet in the IAF.
  • The addition of AH-64 E (I) helicopter is a significant step towards modernization of Indian Air Force’s helicopter fleet. The helicopter has been customized to suit IAF’s future requirements and would have significant capability in mountainous terrain. The helicopter has the capability to carry out precision attacks at standoff ranges and operate in hostile airspace with threats from ground. The ability of these helicopters, to transmit and receive the battlefield picture, to and from the weapon systems through data networking makes it a lethal acquisition. These attack helicopters will provide significant edge in any future joint operations in support of land forces.

MCQ 8

  • Consider the following statements, Which is/are correct?
  1. Mangalajodi Ecotourism Trust is community owned and managed venture on banks of Pullicat Lake in Andhra Pradesh.
  2. It has won prestigious United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) Award for Innovation in Tourism Enterpris.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above

  • Mangalajodi Ecotourism Trust is community owned and managed venture on banks of Chilika Lake in Odisha.
  • It has won prestigious United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) Award for Innovation in Tourism Enterprise.
  • The villagers of Mangalajodi were once associated with poaching of birds near Chilika Lake but now they stand as true defenders of wildlife in the region.
  • The change was mainly due to a coordinated effort in implementing an awareness campaign on importance of preserving natural species and benefits associated with wildlife tourism.
  • The change has soared numbers of birds from 2000 (during peak unsustainable hunting) to over three lakh in the region.
  • Moreover other visible impacts this change has resulted in increasing revenue through ecotourism, sharp fall in poaching incidents and increasing support of villagers.