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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 13 April 2019

MCQ 1

  • Consider the following international agreements:
  1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  3. The World Heritage Convention
  • Which of the above has/have a bearing on the biodiversity?
  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only,
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
  • The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT PGRFA), popularly known as the International Seed Treaty, is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the world's plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), as well as the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use.
  • It also recognises farmers' rights, subject to national laws to:
  1. a) the protection of traditional knowledge relevant to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture;
  2. b) the right to equitably participate in sharing benefits arising from the utilisation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; and
  3. c) the right to participate in making decisions, at the national level, on matters related to the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.
  • The Treaty establishes the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing to facilitate plant germplasm exchanges and benefit sharing through Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA).

MCQ 2

  • City ranked 3rd on WHO list of most polluted city
  1. Delhi
  2. Mumbai
  3. Gwaliar
  4. Varanasi

  • Seven of the top 10 most polluted cities in the world are in India, a study showing South Asia’s battle with deteriorating air quality and the economic toll it’s expected to take worldwide, stated on Tuesday.
  • Gurugram led the most polluted cities in the world in 2018, with Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Noida, and Bhiwadi in the top six worst affected cities.
  • What's alarming, according to the report, is that air pollution is likely to cause the death of an estimated seven million lives globally in the next year while costing the world’s economy nearly $ 225 billion.
  • The only non-Indian city in the top five list is Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • The index measures the presence of fine particulate matter known as PM2.5, a pollutant that can fester deep in the lungs and bloodstream of human beings.

Russia to confer its highest state decoration on PM Modi

  • Russia today announced its decision to confer the Order of St Andrew the Apostle - the highest state decoration of the country on Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The decoration is being given to Mr Modi for his exceptional services in promoting special and privileged strategic partnership between the Russian Federation and India and friendly relations between the Russian and Indian people.
  • The 'Order of St Andrew the Apostle' is awarded to prominent statesmen, public figures and those working in the fields of science, culture and arts in recognition of their exceptional services in promoting prosperity and glory of Russia.
  • The order can also be awarded to foreign heads of state for outstanding services.
  • The foreign awardees included President of China Xi Jinping, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Geydar Aliev.
  • The Order was established in 1698 by Tsar Peter the Great, in honour of Saint Andrew, the first apostle of Jesus and patron saint of Russia,

AITA signs MoU with STF to train Indian junior players

  • The All India Tennis Association (AITA) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Serbian Tennis Federation (STF) to train Indian junior players under world-renowned Serbian coaches at the R.K. Khanna Stadium, New Delhi.
  • The MoU was signed on 10th April by AITA Secretary-General Hironmoy Chatterjee and STF CEO Dusan Orlandic. Trainers and coaches from Serbia will come to India for a week/ two-week camp in the under-12, 14, 16 and 18 categories.
  •  All India Tennis Association (AITA):
  •  It is the governing body of tennis in India
  •  It is also responsible for organizing and hosting tennis tournaments within India and scheduling the home international fixtures
  •  Established in: March 1920
  •  Headquarters: New Delhi, India
  •  Affiliation: International Tennis Federation
  •  Regional affiliation: Asian Tennis Federation

Nizamabad Lok Sabha Seat May Enter Guinness Book With Record EVMs

  • Nizamabad Lok Sabha constituency in Telangana, which went to elections, may well get into the Guiness Book of World Record for the use of largest number of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs). With a high number of 185 candidates, including 178 farmers, in the contest, the Election Commission (EC) used 12 EVMs in each booth in the constituency. In any constituency, usually one or maximum four EVMs are used with one control unit in each booth, but in Nizamabad, 12 EVMs were linked to one control unit and the constituency has 1,778 polling centres.
  • The EC used M3 type EVMs which can support up to 24 BUs (ballot Units). Each BU will have 24 names. Besides, large number of BUs, the EC used 2,200 Control Units and about 2,600 VVPATs for Nizamabad Constituency. This new version of EVMs was developed by the Electronics Corp of India Ltd (ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL).
  • About Telangana:
  •  Capital: Hyderabad
  •  Chief Minister: Chandrashekar Rao
  •  National Park: Mrugavani National Park, Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
  •  Major airport: Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad
  • Tata Trusts and Microsoft India have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to jointly rejuvenate the handloom clusters in the eastern and north-eastern parts of the country.
  • Project ReWeave: Microsoft’s Project ReWeave will help preserve traditional weaving forms by upskilling workers, designing and marketing merchandise, and creating sustainable livelihood options.
  • Microsoft will also enable digital training through Project Sangam, a Microsoft Azurebased Learning Management System, which provides necessary training and tools to weaving communities to help them realise their full potential.
  • Antaran initiative: Tata Trusts’ initiative, Antaran, aims at rejuvenating ailing handloom clusters through an end-to-end programme. Intensive work has been initiated in Odisha, Assam and Nagaland. The programme will benefit 3,000 artisans directly involved in preloom, on-loom and post loom processes, impacting the livelihood of weavers in six weaving clusters in these three States. Craft sector is the country’s largest source of employment after agriculture.
  • Supreme Court Collegium recommended that Allahabad High Court judge, Justice Vikram Nath appointed as the first Chief Justice of the recently constituted Andhra Pradesh High Court at Amaravati.
  • The office of the Andhra Pradesh High Court Chief Justice has been lying vacant since the day of its inception.
  • Justice Vikram Nath obtained his law degree in 1986. Following his enrolment in 1987 and he practised in the Allahabad High Court. He was appointed an additional judge of the Allahabad High Court in 2004.
  • About Supreme Court Established: 1 October 1935 Location: Tilak Marg, New Delhi,
  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has constituted a Central Monitoring Committee to ensure the implementation of the action plan meant for reducing pollution stretched across the country.
  • A Bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel considered the seriousness of the issue and inadequacy of success achieved so far, it concluded that it is necessary to constitute a Central Monitoring Committee to undertake a national initiative by way of preparation and enforcement of a national plan to make river stretches pollution-free.
  • The panel will constitute members from Senior representatives of NITI Aayog, Secretaries of the Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, apart from the Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, and Director General, National Mission for Clean Ganga.
  • The panel will coordinate with States to oversee the action plans and ensure execution of the same.
  • National Green Tribunal (NGT):
  • NGT was established on October 18, 2010, under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. NGT is Headquartered at Delhi
  •  The first Chairman of NGT is Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta and the current incumbent is Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel
  •  It has the power to hear all civil cases relating to environmental issues and questions that are linked to the implementation of laws listed in Schedule I of the NGT Act
  •  It draws inspiration from India's constitutional provision of Article 21, which assures the citizens of India the right to a healthy environment
  • Powers
  • The NGT has the power to hear all civil cases relating to environmental issues and questions that are linked to the implementation of laws listed in Schedule I of the NGT Act. These include the following:
  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
  3. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980;
  4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  5. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
  6. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
  7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  • This means that any violations pertaining only to these laws, or any order / decision taken by the Government under these laws can be challenged before the NGT. Importantly, the NGT has not been vested with powers to hear any matter relating to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and various laws enacted by States relating to forests, tree preservation etc. Therefore, specific and substantial issues related to these laws cannot be raised before the NGT. You will have to approach the State High Court or the Supreme Court through a Writ Petition (PIL) or file an Original Suit before an appropriate Civil Judge of the taluk where the project that you intend to challenge is located.
  • What Is an Asset Management Company—AMC?
  • An asset management company (AMC) is a firm that invests pooled funds from clients, putting the capital to work different investments including stocks, bonds, real estate, master limited partnerships, and more. Along with high-net-worth individual portfolios, AMCs manage hedge funds and pension plans, and—to better serve smaller investors—create pooled structures such as mutual funds, index funds, or exchange-traded funds, which they can manage in a single centralized portfolio.
  • Asset management companies are colloquially referred to as money managers or money management firms. Those that offer public mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (think Vanguard Group, Fidelity Investments or T. Rowe Price) are also known as investment companies or mutual fund companies.