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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 10 April 2019

MCQ 1

  • Consider the following statements about National Wildlife Action Plan (NWAP) of India for 2017-2031:
  1. This is the Third National Wildlife Action Plan. 2. The NWAP is unique as this is the first time India has recognizedthe concerns relating to climate change impact on wildlife.
  2. The NWAP has ten components.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
  • The National Wildlife Action Plan 2002–2012 and the Centrally Sponsored Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats Scheme, 2009 are centred on the principle of ecocentrism.
  • The NWAP (2017–31) is the outcome of a task assigned to a committee headed by the former Director General of Forests, Government of India that comprised of 12 members. It is noteworthy that the Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change released the NWAP (2017–31) at the World Bank promoted Global Wildlife Programme (GWP) conference on October 2, 2017. Normally, the NWAP is released by the National Board for Wildlife, which is headed by the Prime Minister, since the mandate of the Board is framing policies and advising the Government on ways and means of promoting wildlife conservation
  • Is the action plan legally binding? An action plan is not a legally enforceable document. However, while dealing with the issue of conservation and protection of the wild buffalo the Supreme Court in 2012 highlighted that the NWAP, despite being a policy document, is central to the concept of ecocentrism
  • India ranks sixth among the 12-mega biodiversity countries of the world. Conservation of biodiversity is directly linked with conservation of ecosystems and thus with water and food security.
  • Climate Change impact: It is first wildlife action plan to recognise concerns related to climate change impact on wildlife. It has stressed on integrating actions for its mitigation and adaptation into wildlife management planning processes.
  • It underlines increased role of private sector in wildlife conservation.
  • It is third action plan after first released in 1983 to 2001 and second from 2002 to 2016, that had protected area-centric approach to wildlife conservation

MCQ 2

  • Which one of the following Indian States has the highest percentage of Scheduled Tribe population to its total population?
  1. Mizoram
  2. Nagaland
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Arunachal Pradesh

MCQ 3

  • David Malpass has become the president of which international body
  1. IMF
  2. World bank
  3. ADB
  4. BRICS

MCQ 4

  • Who issues guidelines for currency chests working
  1. Individual bank
  2. Ministry of finance
  3. RBI
  4. Currency board of india

Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

  • FTII announces course in Film Criticism and the Art of Review
  • Breaking yet another new ground, Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) Pune has announced, for the first time, a course in Film Criticism and the Art of Review.
  • The 20-day Course would be conducted from 28th May to 19th June, 2019 in Delhi in association with Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), Delhi.
  • Talking about the course, Shri Bhupendra Kainthola, Director, FTII, said that it meets a longstanding demand of cinema critics, film reviewers, film bloggers, research scholars, film academics and just about anyone who has more than ordinary interest in cinema. He added that one needs to know how to ‘read’ a film in order to review it, the tools for which will be provided through this course.
  •  The course would be helmed by Bhopal-based filmmaker Ms. Rajula Shah, an FTII alumnus. She studied film direction at FTII from 1997 to 2000. Her film practice emerges from an intense dialogue with the various arts, schools of thought and philosophies through a close collaboration with people, their work and contexts. Her special interest of study and work is in the expanding scope of the film practice & the digital arts.
  • Talking about the course, Ms. Shah said that it has been designed to provide a basic grounding in the discipline of Film Criticism and to train the participants into becoming a serious viewers of Cinema. She added that the course includes the study of significant films in the history of cinema through the prism of critical thinking.
  • The Course is being conducted under FTII's countrywide film education outreach initiative SKIFT (Skilling India in Film and Television) under which over 135 short-term courses have been held in 37 cities across the country covering over 5800 learners.
  • The Course is open to all, with no age bar. Last date for applying is 22nd April 2019. Accommodation will be made available on request for selected participants coming from outside Delhi. Course details are available on www.ftii.ac.in

Election Commission

  • ECI invokes powers under Article 324 to prohibit display/exhibit any biopic/publicity material during MCC period
  • The Election Commission of India today issued an order prohibiting display in electronic media including cinematograph of any biopic or publicity material in the nature of biography/hagiography sub-serving the purposes of any political entity or any individual entity connected to it.

India retained top spot as the worlds largest recipient of remittances in 2018

  • According to the latest edition of World Bank’s Migration and Development Brief, India’s remittance in 2018 stood at USD 79 billion
  • India was followed by:

♦ 2. China: 67$ billion

♦ 3. Mexico: 36$ billion

♦ 4. Philippines: 34$ billion

♦ 5. Egypt: 29$ billion

  •  In 2016, India received $62.7 billion in remittances and in 2017 it was $65.3 billion.
  • Remittances grew by more than 14 percent in India, where a flooding disaster in Kerala likely boosted the financial help that migrants sent to families.
  • Global remittances: Global remittances, which include flows to high-income countries, reached USD 689 billion in 2018, up from USD 633 billion in 2017.
  • Remittances to low-and middle-income countries reached a record high of USD 529 billion in 2018, an increase of 9.6 percent over the previous record high of USD 483 billion in 2017.
  • Reducing remittance costs to three per cent by 2030 is a global target under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 10.7.
  • India retained top spot as the worlds largest recipient of remittances in 2018

MCQ

  • Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) initiative ia started in
  1. New Delhi
  2. Kolkata
  3. London
  4. Beijing

London becomes world's 1st city to launch 24x7 pollution charge zone

  • London became the first city in the world to implement a special Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) that would charge an entry fee for older vehicles if they do not meet the emission standards.
  • This move aims to reduce toxic air pollution and protect public health. The ULEZ will be operational for 24 hours and seven days a week.
  • Polluting vehicles account for around 50 per cent of London's harmful Nitrogen Oxide air emissions. London's famous red bus fleet is also being updated as part of these efforts, and all 9,200 vehicles will meet or exceed ULEZ standards by October 2020