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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 04 May 2019

MCQ

  1. The final MBBS examination will be held as common exam throughout country. It will serve as exit test to be called National Exit Test (NEXT).
  2. The maximum limit of 40% seats for which fee will be regulated in private medical institutions and deemed universities has been increased to 75% seats.

Choose correct regarding amendments to National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill.

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • The NMC Bill seeks to replace the Medical Council of India with National Medical Commission as top regulator of medical education in India.
  • It aims to move towards outcomebased regulation of medical education rather than process oriented.
  • It will ensure proper separation of functions within regulator by having autonomous boards, create accountable and transparent procedures for maintaining standards in Medical Education.

MCQ

India @ 75 document is released by

  1. ISRO
  2. DRDO
  3. Ministry of home
  4. NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog releases Strategy for New India @ 75

  • Seeking to make development a Jan Andolan, details key recommendations across growth drivers, infrastructure, inclusion and governance
  • The NITI Aayog today unveiled its comprehensive national Strategy for New India, which defines clear objectives for 2022-23. It is a detailed exposition across forty-one crucial areas, that recognizes the progress already made, identifies binding constraints, and suggests the way forward for achieving the clearly stated objectives.
  • The ‘Strategy for New India @75’was released today at a press conference by the Union Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley, in the presence of NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Dr Rajiv Kumar, Members Dr Ramesh Chand andDr VK Saraswat and CEO Shri Amitabh Kant.
  • Drawing inspiration and direction from the Prime Minister’s clarion call for establishing a New India by 2022, NITI Aayog embarked on a journey of formulating the Strategy document over the last year.
  • In his foreword the Prime Minister says,“The Strategy for New India @75 put together by NITI Aayog is an attempt to bring innovation, technology, enterprise and efficient management together, at the core of policy formulation and implementation. It will encourage discussion and debate, and invite feedback for further refining our policy approach.We believe that economic transformation cannot happen without public participation. Development must become a Jan Andolan.”
  • NITI Aayog followed an extremely participative approach in preparing the strategy. Each area vertical in NITI Aayog had indepth consultations with all three groups of stakeholders, viz., business persons, academics including scientists, and government officials.
  • This was followed by consultations at the level of the Vice Chairman with a diverse group of eminent persons from seven sets of stakeholders that included scientists and innovators, farmers, civil society organizations, think-tanks, labor representatives and trade unions, and industry representatives.
  • Central Ministries were brought on board for inputs, suggestions and comments, with each draft of individual chapters being circulated for consultations. The draft document was also circulated to all the States and Union Territories from whom valuable suggestions were received and incorporated.
  • Over 800 stakeholders from within the government – central, state and district levels – and about 550 external experts were consulted during the preparation of the document.
  • The overarching focus of the Strategy document is to further improve the policy environment in which private investors and other stakeholders can contribute their fullest towards achieving the goals set out for New India 2022 and propel India towards a USD 5 trillion economy by 2030. • The forty-one chapters in the document have been disaggregated under four sections: Drivers, Infrastructure, Inclusion and Governance.
  • The first section on Drivers focuses on the engines of economic performance with chapters on growth and employment, doubling of farmers’ incomes; upgrading the science, technology and innovation eco-system; and promoting sunrise sectors like fintech and tourism.
  • Some of the key recommendations in the section on drivers include:
  • Steadily accelerate the economy to achieve a GDP growth rate of about 8% on average during 2018-23. This will raisethe economy’s size in real terms from USD 2.7trillion in 2017-18 to nearly USD 4 trillion by2022-23. Increase the investment rate as measured by gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) from the present 29% to 36% of GDP by 2022.
  • In agriculture, shift the emphasis to converting farmers to ‘agripreneurs’ by further expandinge-National Agriculture Markets and replacing the Agricultural Produce Marketing CommitteeAct with the Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing Act.
  • Give a strong push to ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’ techniques that reduce costs,improve land quality and increase farmers’ incomes. This has emerged as a tested method for putting environmentcarbon back into the land.
  • To ensure maximum employment creation, complete codification of labor laws and a massiveeffort must be made to upscale and expand apprenticeships.
  • Launch a mission “Explore in India” by revamping minerals exploration and licensing policy.
  • The second section on Infrastructure deals with the physical foundations of growth which are crucial to enhancing the competitiveness of Indian business as also ensuring the citizens’ ease of living.
  • Some of the key recommendations in the section on infrastructure include:
  • Expedite the establishment of the Rail Development Authority (RDA), which is already approved. RDAwill advise or make informed decisions on an integrated, transparent and dynamic pricing mechanismfor the railways.
  • Double the share of freight transported by coastal shipping and inland waterways. Initially,viability gap funding will be provided until the infrastructure is fully developed. Develop an IT-enabled platformfor integrating different modes of transport and promoting multi-modal anddigitized mobility.
  • With the completion of the Bharat Net programme in 2019, all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats will be digitallyconnected. Aim to deliver all government services at the state, district, and gram panchayat level digitally by2022-23.
  • The section on Inclusion deals with the urgent task of investing in the capabilities of all of India’s citizens. The three themes in this section revolve around the dimensions of health, education and mainstreaming of traditionally marginalized sections of the population.
  • Some of the key recommendations in the section on inclusion include:
  • Successfully implementing the Ayushman Bharat programme including the establishment of 150,000 health and wellness centres across the country, and rolling out the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyaan (PM-JAY).
  • Create a focal point for public health at the central level with state counterparts. Promote integrative medicine curriculum.
  • Upgrade the quality of the school education system and skills, including the creation of a new innovation ecosystem at the ground level by establishing at least 10,000 Atal Tinkering Labs by 2020. • Conceptualize an electronic national educational registry for tracking each child’s learning outcomes.
  • As already done in rural areas, give a huge push to affordable housing in urban areas to improve workers’ living conditions and ensure equity while providing a strong impetus to economic growth.
  • The final section on Governance delves deep into how the governance structures can be streamlined and processes optimized to achieve better developmental outcomes.
  • Some of the key recommendations in the section on governance include:
  • Implement the recommendations of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission as a preludeto appointing a successor for designing reforms in the changing context of emerging technologies andgrowing complexity of the economy.
  • Set up a new autonomous body, viz., the Arbitration Council of India to grade arbitralinstitutions and accredit arbitrators to make the arbitration process cost effective and speedy, and to preemptthe need for court intervention.
  • Address the backlog of pending cases - shift part of workload out of regular court system.
  • Expand the scope of Swachh Bharat Mission to cover initiatives for landfills, plastic waste andmunicipal waste and generating wealth from waste.

 MCQ

_________ emerged on top of Asia Competitiveness Institute (ACI) Singapore’s 2018 Ease of Doing Business (EDB) Index

  1. Karnataka
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Telangana
  4. Gujrat
  • Andhra Pradesh emerged on top of Asia Competitiveness Institute (ACI), Singapore’s 2018 Ease of Doing Business (EDB) Index ABC rankings for economies of 21 states of India, while Maharashtra and Delhi came in second and third place, respectively. EDB index is based upon three parameters called ABC – Attractiveness to Investors, Business Friendliness and Competitiveness Policies

MCQ

The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 Ministry: Finance, Corporate Affairs and Information & Broadcasting

  1. The FEO Bill provides for confiscation of property upon a person being declared an FEO
  2. To declare a person an FEO, an application will be filed in HC

Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

Highlights of the Bill and Ordinance

  • The Bill allows for a person to be declared as a fugitive economic offender (FEO) if: (i) an arrest warrant has been issued against him for any specified offences where the value involved is over Rs 100 crore, and (ii) he has left the country and refuses to return to face prosecution.
  • To declare a person an FEO, an application will be filed in a Special Court (designated under the Prevention of Money-Laundering Act, 2002) containing details of the properties to be confiscated, and any information about the person’s whereabouts. The Special Court will require the person to appear at a specified place at least six weeks from issue of notice. Proceedings will be terminated if the person appears.
  • The Bill allows authorities to provisionally attach properties of an accused, while the application is pending before the Special Court.
  • Upon declaration as an FEO, properties of a person may be confiscated and vested in the central government, free of encumbrances (rights and claims in the property). Further, the FEO or any company associated with him may be barred from filing or defending civil claims.

Key Issues and Analysis

  • Under the Bill, any court or tribunal may bar an FEO or an associated company from filing or defending civil claims before it. Barring these persons from filing or defending civil claims may violate Article 21 of the Constitution i.e. the right to life. Article 21 has been interpreted to include the right to access justice.
  • Under the Bill, an FEO’s property may be confiscated and vested in the central government. The Bill allows the Special Court to exempt properties where certain persons may have an interest in such property (e.g., secured creditors). However, it does not specify whether the central government will share sale proceeds with any other claimants who do not have such an interest (e.g., unsecured creditors).
  • The Bill does not require the authorities to obtain a search warrant or ensure the presence of witnesses before a search. This differs from other laws, such as the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973, which contain such safeguards. These safeguards protect against harassment and planting of evidence.
  • The Bill provides for confiscation of property upon a person being declared an FEO. This differs from other laws, such as CrPC, 1973, where confiscation is final two years after proclamation as

Key Features absconder.

  • Fugitive economic offender (FEO): An FEO is a person against whom an arrest warrant has been issued for committing any offence listed in the Schedule to the Bill, and the value of the offence is at least Rs 100 crore. Further, the person has left the country and refuses to return, in order to avoid facing prosecution. The Bill lists 55 economic offences in the Schedule, which include: (i) counterfeiting government stamps or currency, (ii) dishonouring cheques, (iii) benami transactions, (iv) transactions defrauding creditors, (v) tax evasion, and (vi) money-laundering. The central government may amend the Schedule through a notification.
  • Authorities: The authorities under the PMLA, 2002 will exercise powers given to them under the Bill. These powers will be similar to those of a civil court, including: (i) search of persons in possession of records or proceeds of crime, (ii) search of premises on the belief that a person is an FEO, and (iii) seizure of documents.

MCQ

Hopman cup is related with

  1. Cricket B.
  2. Football
  3. Soccer
  4. Tennis

Hopman Cup,

an annual international eight-team indoor hardcourt tennis tournament was held in Perth, Western Australia.

It is a mixed competition in which male and female players are on combined teams and represent their countries.

The Event was concluded on 5th January 2019. This year Switzerland’s Roger Federer and Belinda Bencic secured a 2-1 victory over Germany’s Angelique Kerber and Alexander Zverev to win the Hopman Cup for the second year in a row. It was Switzerland’s fourth title overall, behind only the United States with six. This year’s tournament is the 31st edition of the Hopman Cup and potentially be the final edition of the tournament as it will be replaced by an ATP tournament from next year.

MCQ

 Gita Gopinath is related to

  1. Wrestling
  2. Gymnastics
  3. Economy
  4. Mountaineering
  •  Mysore-born Gita Gopinath has joined International Monetary Fund (IMF) as its chief economist, becoming the first woman to occupy the top IMF post. She succeeds Maurice Obstfeld, who retired on December 31.
  • Ms Gopinath considers the perceived retreat from globalisation as one of the top challenges being faced by the IMF.

MCQ

INS Kohassa is

  1. Missile destroyer
  2. Nuclear submarine
  3. Replenishment ship
  4. New air base in A & N islands
  •  The Indian Navy is planning to commission a new airbase 100 miles north of Port Blair in the strategically located Andaman and Nicobar islands. Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba commissioned the base, INS Kohassa on January 24.
  • This will be India’s fourth air base and the third naval air facility in the archipelago, which are more closer to Southeast Asia than to the Indian mainland, overlooking key sea lanes of communication and strategic choke points.
  • The base will initially operate choppers and Dornier shortrange surveillance aircraft. The base can also act as an alternate runway to Port Blair for civilian traffic in case of emergencies.

 MCQ

ASI declared 6 monuments of National Importance in 2018. Which Are among them?

  1. Old High Court Building in Pune, Maharashtra
  2. Agra - Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana;
  3. The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district;

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 & 3

(C) ALL

(D) NONE

  • The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur, Maharashtra;

♦ Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra - Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana;

♦ The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district;

♦ The Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha’s Bolangir district;

♦ The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand are the Six monuments that have been listed. In 2016 and 2017, no new monument was included in the list of sites of national importance.

  • The last monument to be included in the list, in 2015, was the Vishnu Temple in Nadavayal in Kerala’s Wayanad district.