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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 03 May 2019

MCQ 1

  • Choose correct
  1. A person being an individual can buy Electoral Bonds, singly but not jointly with other individuals.
  2. State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorized to issue and encash Electoral Bonds through its all Authorized Branches in the month of May 2019.
  3. The Electoral Bonds shall be valid for seven calendar days

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 & 3

(C) All

(D) None

Ministry of Finance

  • Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 Sale of Electoral Bonds at Authorized Branches of State Bank of India (SBI) (AMENDMENT)
  • The Government of India has notified the Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 vide Gazette Notification No. 20 dated 02nd January 2018. As per provisions of the Scheme, Electoral Bonds may be purchased by a person (as defined in item No. 2 (d) of Gazette Notification), who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India. A person being an individual can buy Electoral Bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals.
  • Only the Political Parties registered under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and which secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last General Election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State, shall be eligible to receive the Electoral Bonds. The Electoral Bonds shall be encashed by an eligible Political Party only through a Bank account with the Authorized Bank.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorized to issue and encash Electoral Bonds through its 29 Authorized Branches (as per list enclosed) in the month of May 2019.
  • The Electoral Bonds shall be valid for fifteen calendar days from the date of issue and no payment shall be made to any payee Political Party if the Electoral Bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period. The Electoral Bond deposited by an eligible Political Party in its account shall be credited on the same day.
  • This Notification is an Amendment of the earlier Notification issued on February 28, 2019 indicating schedule of issuance/redemption of Electoral Bonds during the period March to May 2019. Government of India has now decided to restrict the next Phase of Electoral Bonds sale to 06.05.2019 to 10.05.2019 (instead of 06.05.2019 to 15.05.2019 scheduled and notified earlier).

MCQ 2

  1. Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar mission, has three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Pragyan) & Rover (Vikram).
  2. GSLV MK-II will take it to lunar orbit in month of October 2019.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

Department of Space

  • All modules getting ready for Chandrayaan-2 launch during the window of July 09 to July 16, 2019
  • Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar mission, has three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan).
  • The Orbiter and Lander modules will be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside the GSLV MK-III launch vehicle.
  • The Rover is housed inside the Lander. After launch into earth bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module will reach Moon orbit using Orbiter propulsion module. Subsequently, Lander will separate from the Orbiter and soft land at the predetermined site close to lunar South Pole. Further, the Rover will roll out for carrying out scientific experiments on the lunar surface. Instruments are also mounted on Lander and Orbiter for carrying out scientific experiments.
  • All the modules are getting ready for Chandrayaan-2 launch during the window of July 09 to July 16, 2019, with an expected Moon landing on September 06, 2019.

MCQ 3

  • Government and IIT-_____ to set up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies
  1. Mumbai
  2. Delhi
  3. Khadagpur
  4. Madras

Ministry of Science & Technology

  • Government and IIT-Delhi to set up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies
  • To commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India and Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) have come together to bring the best of science and technology to implement waste management in India.
  • Principal Scientific Advisor to the Govt of India, Prof K. Vijay Raghavan and Director, IIT Delhi, Prof V. Ramgopal Rao signed a Memorandum of Understanding today in New Delhi for setting up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies for implementation of sustainable, scientific and technological solutions for waste management, through validation and deployment of available technologies for transformation of waste to wealth.
  • The waste to wealth mission project has been approved under the recently constituted Prime Minister’s Science Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC), which is an overarching body for assessment, creation and implementation of major scientific, technology and innovation interventions for India. The partnership will provide an effective platform for stakeholders to bring together integrated approaches for effective recycle, reuse and resource recovery of waste.
  • IIT Delhi is already closely involved with the waste management aspects of Delhi and many faculty members are closely involved with the Delhi administration in addressing the waste management issues.
  • The immediate objective is to implement technologies that are available with various national and international academias, industries, research laboratories and other agencies by way of setting up pilot projects on-site effectively and successfully, and demonstrating the proof of concept of the technology under Indian condition. This will be carried out by creating a strong collaborating network between IIT Delhi, and other national and international stakeholders through the aegis of the office of the PSA. The long-term goal is to create circular economic models for waste management, by leveraging big data analytics and frontier technologies to streamline waste in India. The overall outcomes would involve treating waste and generating different forms of energy, thereby making India a waste free nation, with zero greenhouse gas emission and no health hazard. Under the initiative, a waste to wealth programme management centre will also be set up at IIT Delhi.
  • The office of the PSA acts as a ‘think-tank’ and ‘action-tank’ for science, technology and innovation activities. The office plays a catalytic and synergistic role to strongly connect government ministry, academia and industry, to evolve relevant policies, make recommendations for the relevant scientific departments and ministries, and implement scientific interventions in various sectors of national priority.

MCQ 4

  1. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 has received the assent of the President of India. The bill mainly seeks to do away with the no-detention policy in schools.
  2. As per the amendment, it would be mandatory to all the states to continue the no-detention policy.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • RTE amendment Bill- Key features:
  • The Bill seeks to amend the Right to Education (RTE) Act to abolish the “no-detention” policy in schools. Under the current provisions of the Act, no student can be detained up to class VIII.
  • As per the amendment, it would be left to the states to decide whether to continue the no-detention policy.
  • The bill provides for regular examination in classes V and VIII, and if a child fails, the amendment bill grants a provision to give her or him additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months. Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations. If the students still do not pass the exam, the state government may decide to detain them.
  • What is no detention policy?
  • According to this provision “no child admitted in a school shall be held back in any class”. This translates into automatic promotions to the next class every year until Class VII. Instead of exams, schools are supposed to hold Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluations (CCE) for every child.
  • Need for removal of this clause:
  • The provision had attracted criticism with several states and schools complaining that it compromised on academic rigour and learning levels and quality at schools.
  • The TSR Subramanian committee for formulation of the National Policy on Education has also suggested that ‘no detention’ policy should be discontinued after Class V. It had recommended restoration of detention provision, remedial coaching and two extra chances to each student such to move to a higher class.
  • A sub-committee of the Central Advisory Board of Education also studied the issue closely and recommended a provisional detention clause at Classes V and VIII. In 2013, a parliamentary panel had also asked the ministry to ‘rethink’ on its “policy of automatic promotion up to Class VIII”.
  •  Parliament following the approval from the Rajya-Sabha passed a bill to provide retrospective recognition to central and state government funded institutions offering B.Ed and related courses that are not recognized under the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Act..
  •  The NCTE (Amendment) Bill which will be a one-time measure would help over 17,000 students who have obtained B.Ed degrees from those institutions which do not have NCTE approval for the course under the 1993 law.
  • 23 state and central universities and colleges offering B.Ed courses were found not recognized by the Council.
  • The government would ensure that the quality of institutes offering B.Ed courses is maintained and proposes to start an integrated course in B.ED as in Law and other courses from 2020.

MCQ 5

  1. Government had launched a Global Environment Facility (GEF) assisted project namely, “Green – Ag”
  2. The project supports harmonization between India’s agricultural and environmental sector priorities and investments to realise the national and global environmental benefits without compromising on India’s ability to strengthen rural livelihoods and meet its food and nutrition security.
  3. Its launched in all states of India
  • Choose correct

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 & 3

(C) All

(D) None

  • The Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Parshottam Rupala informed that the Government had launched a Global Environment Facility (GEF) assisted project namely,
  • “Green – Ag: Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environmental benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes” in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) during September 2018.
  • The project was launched in high-conservation-value landscapes of five States namely
  • (i)Madhya Pradesh: Chambal Landscape, (ii) Mizoram: Dampa Landscape, (iii) Odisha: Similipal Landscape, (iv)Rajasthan: Desert National Park Landscape and v) Uttarakhand: Corbett-Rajaji Landscape.
  • The project is aimed to mainstream biodiversity, climate change, and sustainable land management objectives and practices into Indian agriculture. Besides this, it is also supposed to catalyze a transformative change of India’s agricultural sector to support the achievement of national and global environmental benefits and conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes.
  • The project supports harmonization between India’s agricultural and environmental sector priorities and investments to realise the national and global environmental benefits without compromising on India’s ability to strengthen rural livelihoods and meet its food and nutrition security.
  • About GEF:
  • The Global Environment Facility was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
  • It is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues.
  • GEF funds are available to developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of the international environmental conventions and agreements.
  • The World Bank serves as the GEF Trustee, administering the GEF Trust Fund.
  • The GEF also serves as financial mechanism for the following conventions:
  1. CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
  2. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  3. UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  4. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
  5. Minamata Convention on Mercury

MCQ 6

  • U.S. President Donald J. Trump signed into law the act ARIA. It is related to
  1. Iran oil sanctions
  2. long-term strategic vision for the Indo-Pacific region.
  3. Defence equipments utilization
  4. None
  • U.S. President Donald J. Trump has signed into law the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA), which has already been passed by the U.S. Senate.
  • The ARIA Act, specifically, calls for America’s increased engagement in the IndoPacific region and strengthened support, including arms sales, for U.S. allies in the region.
  • The act develops a long-term strategic vision and a comprehensive, multifaceted, and principled United States policy for the Indo-Pacific region.
  1. Key highlights of the Act:
  2. Security Interests:
  • Authorizes US$ 1.5 billion annually for 5 years to enhance U.S. presence in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Reaffirms U.S. security commitments to our allies in the Indo-Pacific, including Japan, South Korea, and Australia and builds security partnerships with nations in Southeast Asia.
  • Establishes a policy goal to peacefully denuclearize North Korea though the campaign of maximum pressure and engagement.
  • Enhances the U.S. diplomatic, economic, and security relationship with India.
  • Enforces U.S. freedom of navigation and overflight rights in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Expresses support for regular arms sales to Taiwan and to enhance the economic, political, and security relationship between Taiwan and the United States.
  • Promotes robust cybersecurity cooperation with our allies in the region.
  • Sets U.S. policy to pursue effective arms control and nuclear nonproliferation policies in the IndoPacific region.
  • Economic Engagement:
  1. Promotes economic cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region as essential for the growth of the U.S. economy and success of American businesses.
  2. Authorizes bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations with Indo-Pacific nations.
  3. Provides for robust U.S. commercial presence throughout the Indo-Pacific region to promote U.S. exports and additional trade facilitation efforts.
  4. Authorizes the imposition of penalties on entities and governments engaged in the theft of United States intellectual property.
  5. Requires a new comprehensive U.S. policy to promote energy exports.
  • Promoting Values:
  1. Provides US$ 150 million annually for 5 years for democracy, rule of law, and civil society support, including $10 million annually for freedom of information efforts in North Korea.
  2. Call for additional U.S. efforts against trafficking-in-persons and human slavery; and Authorizes U.S. sanctions against human rights abusers.

MCQ 7

  • Arunima Sinha is related to
  1. Cricket
  2. Boxing
  3. Badminton
  4. None
  •  Indian mountaineer Arunima Sinha has now become the World's first female amputee to climb Mount Vinson, the highest peak of Antarctica.
  •  In 2013, Sinha had broken the world record by becoming the first woman amputee to climb Mount Everest.
  •  A former national level volleyball player, Arunima had lost her left leg after being thrown off a moving train and getting hit by another in 2011.
  • Padma Shri awardee Sinha has already scaled five peaks - Mt Everest, Mt Kilimanjaro, Mt Elbrus, Mt Kosciuszko and Mt Aconcagua.