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Daily PIB Analysis For UPSC/IAS | Download PDF

Date: 01 May 2019

Ministry of Defence

  • Indian and French Navies conduct Varuna 19.1 Bilateral Exercise Off Goa coast 1st – 10th May 19
  • The first part of the Indo-French joint naval exercise, Varuna 19.1 will be conducted off the Goa coast from 1st to 10th May 19.
  • The upcoming 17th edition includes participation of the French Navy’s aircraft carrier FNS Charles de Gaulle, two destroyers, FNS Forbin and FNS Provence, the frigate FNS Latouche-Treville, the tanker FNS Marne and a nuclear submarine. From the Indian side, the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, destroyer INS Mumbai, the Teg-class frigate, INS Tarkash, the Shishumar- class submarine, INS Shankul, and the Deepak- class fleet tanker, INS Deepak, will be participating in this exercise.
  • The exercise will be conducted in two phases. The harbour phase at Goa would include cross-visits, professional interactions and discussions and sports events. The sea phase would comprise various excercises across the spectrum of maritime operations.
  • The second part, Varuna 19.2, is scheduled to be held at the end of May in Djibouti. The bilateral naval exercise initiated in 1983 and christened as ‘Varuna’ in 2001, form a vital part of the Indo-French strategic partnership. Having grown in scope and complexity over the years, this exercise exemplifies the strong relations between the two nations, in line with the Joint Strategic Vision of India-French Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region signed by President Emmanuel Macron and Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the former’s State visit to India in March 2018. The Varuna exercise aims at developing interoperability between the two navies and fostering mutual cooperation by learning from each other’s best practices to conduct joint operations. The exercise underscores the shared interests and commitment of both nations in promoting maritime security.

Ministry of Finance

  • GST Revenue collection for April, 2019 recorded highest collection since GST implementation
  • The total gross GST revenue collected in the month of April, 2019 is Rs 1,13,865 crore of which CGST is Rs 21,163 crore, SGST is Rs 28,801 crore, IGST is Rs 54,733 crore (including Rs 23,289 crore collected on imports) and Cess is Rs 9,168 crore (including Rs 1,053 crore collected on imports). The total number of GSTR 3B Returns filed for the month of March up to 30th April, 2019 is 72.13 lakh.
  • The government has settled Rs 20,370 crore to CGST and Rs 15,975 crore to SGST from IGST as regular settlement. Further, Rs 12,000 crore has been settled from the balance IGST available with the Centre on provisional basis in the ratio of 50:50 between Centre and States. The total revenue earned by Central Government and the State Governments after regular and provisional settlement in the month of April, 2019 is Rs 47,533 crore for CGST and Rs 50,776 crore for the SGST.
  • The revenue in April, 2018 was Rs 1,03,459 crore and the revenue during April, 2019 is a growth of 10.05% over the revenue in the same month last year. The revenue in April, 2019 is 16.05% higher than the monthly average of GST revenue in FY 2018-19 (Rs 98,114 crore).

Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises

  • ICAT - A World Class Automotive Testing Centre
  • The automotive industry is the sunshine industry in India contributing to over 7.5% to country's GDP. Government of India has huge focus to facilitate and grow this industry. Creation of new automotive test centres in the country under NATRIP project, is an important step forward by the Government to support the need of the automotive industry in the backdrop of tightening regulatory framework and technology shift driven by market forces. ICAT is an important element of the automotive sector, with its world-class infrastructure and domain expertise providing services in development, testing, validation and homologation.
  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar, located in the northern automotive hub of India, is a leading world class automotive testing, certification and R&D service provider under the aegis of NATRiP (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project), Government of India.
  • ICAT continues its endeavour towards knowledge sharing and dissemination, through seminars and events, on important topics like Power Train, Emission, HEV and EV technology, NVH, Crash, Lighting, Inspection & Certification and Fatigue.
  • As India moves towards adopting complete electric mobility by 2030, ICAT’s Power Train lab/ COE, EMC lab and Automotive Electrical and Electronics labs have started rendering testing and developmental services in this domain. With Centres of Excellence (CoE) in Component, Powertrain, NVH and Tyre, ICAT intends to eventually transform it into an automotive product development centre.
  • Automotive electrical and electronics lab (AEEL)
  • The AEEL is an important lab considering the rapid increase in the use of electrical and electronics in vehicles. The lab offers services for certification and validation for wide range of E&E components including systems, Emotors, ECUs, Batteries and RFIDS. It also provides consultancy services to the customers for product development and improvements.

MCQ 1

  1. IIT-Bombay has designed India's first microprocessor ‘Shakti.
  2. a microchip fabricated in the Semi-Conductor Laboratory of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at Chandigarh, will reduce dependency on imported microchips and the risk of cyber attacks making it ideal for communication and defence.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • The 'Shakti' family of processors was fabricated at ISRO's Chandigarh semi-conductor laboratory, making it the first 'RISC V Microprocessor' to be completely designed and made in India.
  • Shakti microprocessor can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems and networking systems. ‘Shakti’ will reduce dependency on imported microchips and the risk of cyber attacks.

MCQ 2

  1. DRDO developed Less Polluting Firecrackers named SWAS, SAFAL and STAR
  2. The crackers will come in the market after the approval from Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organization (PESO), which is the nodal agency for safety requirements in manufacture, storage, transport of all types of explosives.
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

CSIR developed Less Polluting Firecrackers named SWAS, SAFAL and STAR

  • These crackers developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) are 15-20 percent cheaper than the conventional ones and free from harmful chemicals.

♦ SWAS stands for Safe Water releaser,

♦ SAFAL stands for Safe minimal Aluminum and

♦ STAR stands for Safe Thermite cracker.

  • The crackers will come in the market after the approval from Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organization (PESO), which is the nodal agency for safety requirements in manufacture, storage, transport of all types of explosives.

MCQ 3

  1. India ranked 77th in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index 2018
  2. IMF releases index every year where india was at 100th place in 2017
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • According to the World Bank, India ranked 77th in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index 2018.
  • The index ranks 190 countries based across the life-cycle of a business, from starting a business to resolving insolvency. The ranking is based on 10 different parameters. In the 2017 report, the country was ranked 100.
  • World Bank:

♦ Formation: July 1945

♦ Motto: Working for a World Free of Poverty

♦ Headquarters: Washington, D.C., U.S.

♦ Membership: 189 countries in IBRD, 173 countries in IDA

♦ Key people: Jim Yong Kim (President) Kristalina Georgieva (CEO) Shanta Devarajan (Chief Economist)

♦ Parent: World Bank Group

♦ The World Bank is different from the World Bank Group. The World Bank Group has five international organizations: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Development Association (IDA), International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

The World Bank is a Monetary International Financial Organization

MCQ 4

  1. Soura Jalanidhi scheme launched in Odisha
  2. Free solar pumps will be distributed to farmers under the scheme
  • Choose correct

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both

(D) None

  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik Tuesday launched the Soura Jalanidhi scheme that aims to increase use of solar energy for helping farmers in irrigating their land.
  • 'Soura Jalanidhi', is a dug well based solar pump irrigation system in convergence mode.
  • Under the scheme, 5,000 solar pumps will be given to Odisha farmers at a subsidy of 90 per cent to irrigate 2,500 acres of land.
  • The chief minister also launched the web portal of this scheme on the occasion. The event was attended by 1,000 farmers from 30 districts through video conference.
  • In the first phase, the facility will be available for farmers where electicity is not avaialable for operating pump sets.
  • The solar pumps will be given to the beneficiary farmers at a subsidy of 90 per cent. A total of Rs 27 crore will be spent for the programme, an official sai

MCQ 5

  • India-______ first joint military exercise 'Dharma Guardian2018' began in Mizoram
  1. Myanmar
  2. France
  3. Japan
  4. Sri Lanka
  • Being first of its kind, the 14 days long joint exercise was conducted from 01 Nov 2018 to 14 Nov 2018. The Japanese contingent is being represented by 32nd Infantry Battalion while the Indian side is being represented by Gorkha Rifles.
  • The Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) and Indian Air Force (IAF) are conducted their first joint air exercise, dubbed Shinyu Maitri-1 (“true” or “best friend”), focusing on joint mobility and humanitarian assistance & disaster relief (HADR) operations from December 3 to 7 in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, according to the Indian Ministry of Defense (MoD).

MCQ 6

  • The first Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health was held at the World Health Organisation’s headquarters in _______on October 30 and November 1.
  1. Paris
  2. Rome
  3. Geneva
  4. Washington DC
  •  Theme of the conference was: "Improving Air Quality, Combating Climate Change- Saving Lives".
  • The first Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health will be held at the World Health Organisation’s headquarters in Geneva on October 30 and November 1.
  • The conference is being held in collaboration with the UN Environment, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
  • The event responds to a World Health Assembly mandate to combat one of the world’s most significant causes of premature death, causing some 7 million deaths annually. Air pollution in most cities exceeds recommended WHO Air Quality levels and household air pollution is a leading killer in poor rural and urban homes. Up to one-third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer and heart disease are due to air pollution. Affordable strategies exist to reduce key pollution emissions from the transport, energy, agriculture, waste and housing sectors. Health-conscious strategies can reduce climate change and support Sustainable Development Goals for health, energy and cities.
  • The conference will see the participation of Ministers of Health and Environment and representatives from national governments, inter-governmental agencies, health professionals, besides sectoral participation from transport, energy, etc.

MCQ 7

  • India's first nuclear-powered submarine INS ________ completed its first deterrence patrol
  • Vikramaditya
  • Shakti
  • Viraat
  • Arihant
  • The submarine completes India's nuclear triad -- which means that the country now has the capability of firing nuclear weapons from land, air and sea. INS Arihant was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 2016. Another nuclear submarine -- the Argihat -- will be commissioned in the next few years. HIGHLIGHTS:

♦ INS Arihant can fire nuclear weapons from underwater.

♦ Arihant is an important part of India's no-first-use nuclear policy.

♦ Arihant is part of a top-secret project.

MCQ 8

  • SpiNNaker is a
  1. Nuclear missile
  2. Rotating satellite
  3. Super Computer
  4. Distant star
  • SpiNNaker (Spiking Neural Network Architecture) is a massively parallel, manycore supercomputer architecture designed by the Advanced Processor Technologies Research Group (APT) at the School of Computer Science, University of Manchester.
  • It is composed of 57,600 ARM9 processors (specifically ARM968), each with 18 cores and 128 MB of mobile DDR SDRAM, totalling 1,036,800 cores and over 7 TB of RAM.
  • The computing platform is based on spiking neural networks, useful in simulating the human brain (see Human Brain Project)
  • The supercomputer will help scientists better understand how neurological diseases like Parkinson's impact the brain.