The NEET exam will have reservations for OBC and EWS (Economically Weaker Section) within the All-India quota.
NEET is an All-India entrance examination for selecting candidates for medical and dental colleges across the country.
Admissions to all undergraduate (NEET-UG) and postgraduate (NEET-PG) courses in dental and medical streams are given through National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET).
NEET was held for the first time in year 2003 but was scrapped later. Prior to second time implementation of NEET, All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) was conducted.
AIPMT was a national level entrance examination for medical courses. Every state had their own examination for filling the seats.
Section 10-D of the Indian Medical Council Act, which gave birth to NEET, was upheld by the Supreme Court. It envisaged a uniform national level test.
The test was to be conducted for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses for all medical educational institutions in English, Hindi and other languages.
The NEET is currently conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) since 2018. Earlier, it was conducted by the CBSE.
The All India quota (AIQ)
Currently, majority of seats in medical colleges are reserved for students residing in the same state. The remaining seats are surrendered for All India Quota.
The All India Quota allows meritous students from other states to study in any good medical colleges across the country.
Candidates scoring high will ensure admission in a college under the national quota. If they fail to score higher, they can get seat under the state quota.
There was no reservation in All-India quota till 2007. The Supreme Court had directed to implement 15% for Scheduled Castes and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes.
The quota for OBC was introduced in Central government institutions but not to the seats under AIQ in state institutions.
The 10 percent reservation under the EWS quota was also implemented in central government institutions but was still unavailable for AIQ.