The first Conclave of Himalayan States was held in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand to discuss priorities of Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) in 15th Finance Commission (XV FC). It was initiated by Uttarakhand Government Integrated Mountain Initiative (IMI) as its knowledge partner. Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman was chief guest of the conclave. It had brought together Himalayan Staets, Central Government on single platform to deliberate on development challenges and potential of IHR and concluded with adoption of Mussoorie Resolution 2019.
Key Highlights of Conclave
Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) spreads across 11 states viz. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura. It accounts for 16% of land area of India and most of the area is covered by snow-clad peaks, glaciers of higher Himalaya, dense forest cover of mid-Himalaya. It provides ecosystem services of clean air, water, bio-diversity and many other aspects of culture, crafts and natural beauty. It occupies trategic position of entire northern boundary (North-West to North-East) of India and touches almost all international borders (7 countries) with India. However, in recent times it is suffering from adverse challenges of climate change impact, poor and inaccessible infrastructure, water management, amongst others. Himalayan ecosystem is also comparatively far more vulnerable to impacts of climate change and natural disasters than the rest of the country.