According to rencent analysis of India’s food and nutrition security, almost one in three Indian children will still be stunted by 2022. The report was prepared by United Nations (UN) World Food Programme in collaboration with Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. It is baseline analysis of Inida’s progress in achieving the second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to end hunger,
Key findings of the report
- Over the last decade, child stunting measure of chronic malnutrition — has reduced at a rate of about 1% per year, the slowest decline among emerging economies.
- At this rate, 31.4% of children will still be stunted by the 2022 deadline. India must double its rate of progress to reach target of 25% by that time.
- Foodgrain yields have risen 33% over last two decades, but are still only half of 2030 target yields. However, average per capita consumption of energy among poorest 30% of the population is 1811 kilo calories, much lower than the norm of 2155 kilo calories per day.
- In States like Bihar (48%) and Uttar Pradesh (46%), almost one in two children are stunted, while it is only one in five children in Kerala and Goa (20% each).
- There are high rates of stunting among children in e poorest wealth quintile (51.4%), Scheduled Tribes (43.6%) and Scheduled Castes (42.5%), and children born to mothers with no education (51%).