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Karbi insurgency

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


Militants belonging to five groups of Karbi Anglong district ceremonially laid down arms in Assam.



The surrendered militants comprised cadres from five outfits — Karbi People’s Liberation Tiger (KPLT), People’s Democratic Council of Karbi Longri (PDCK), Karbi Longri NC Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), Kuki Liberation Front (KLF), and United People’s Liberation Army (UPLA). 



  • Karbi insurgency has a long history in Assam. They have been involved in killings, ethnic violence, abductions, and taxation since the late 1980s.

  • These outfits originated from a core demand of forming a separate state. Today, the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) is an autonomous district council, protected under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.



  • The Karbi National Volunteers (KNV) and Karbi People’s Force (KPF) came together to form the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) in late 1990s.

  • In November 2011, UPDS gave up arms and signed a tripartite memorandum of settlement with the Centre and the government of Assam, settling for enhanced autonomy and special packages for the KAAC. 


Significance of surrender

  • This means that all insurgent outfits of Karbi Anglong district have now been brought into the mainstream.

  • It also means a decline in influence of Naga militant outfits in Assam. With this surrender a huge number of weapons have come overground.

  • The developments come a year after a peace and development agreement was signed with multiple Bodo militant outfits.


Karbi tribe

  • The Karbis were mentioned as the Mikir in the Constitution Order of the Government of India and Assam till 1976.

  • The Karbis linguistically belong to the Tibeto-Burman group. The Karbis, along with other similar tribes others, entered Assam from Central Asia.

  • Most of the Karbis still practices Animism with their cultural and traditional influences. There are also Karbi Christians.

  • The Karbis celebrate many festivals. Among them, Hacha-Kekan, Chojun, Rongker, Peng Karkli, Thoi Asor Rit Asor, and Botor Kekur are some such festivals.

  • Botor Kekur is celebrated to request God to grace the earth with rain so that the crops could be sown.