Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) has extended ban on import of milk and its products, including chocolates, from China till laboratories at ports are upgraded for testing presence of toxic chemical melamine. The extension of ban was recommended by Food regulator Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) until all labs at ports are modernised to test the chemical. However, FSSAI has not mentioned any timeline for upgradation of that capacity of all laboratories.
The ban was first imposed in September 2008 and was subsequently extended from time to time. The latest ban imposed by government ended 23 April 2019. The ban was imposed on apprehensions of presence of melamine in some milk consignments from China. Melamine is toxic chemical used for making plastics and fertilisers. Although India does not import milk, milk products from China, the ban was imposed as a preventive measure.
India’s Milk Production
India is world's largest producer and consumer of milk. It produces around 150 million tonne milk annually. Uttar Pradesh is leading state in milk production followed by Rajasthan and Gujarat.