Iran and Pakistan have agreed to set up joint border reaction force at their borders for combatting terrorism. This was announced after talks with visiting Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in Tehran. This decision comes after relations between both countries had strained following number of deadly attacks in Iran’s southeastern Iranian province of Sistan-Baluchistan (bordering Pakistan) by militant groups based in Pakistan.
In March 2109, Iran had demanded Pakistan act decisively against anti-Iranian terrorists, following February 2019 attack that killed 27 members of elite Revolutionary Guards in Sistan-Baluchistan. Iran had reported that Pakistani suicide bomber was behind attack, claimed by Sunni jihadist group Jaish al-Adl (Army of Justice), which Iran says operates mostly out of bases in Pakistan. Islamist as well as ethnic Baloch separatists operate in Balochistan, Pakistan's poorest province which borders Iran. Iran had accused Pakistan for not doing enough to stamp out militants allegedly sheltering on its side across the border.