Parvovirus infection has affected more than 2,000 stray dogs in Maharashtra’s Amravati city in the past one month.
Veterinarians have cautioned that a severe outbreak is on cards. Owners of pet dogs have been warned.
Parvovirus is a highly-contagious viral infection that affects the intestinal tracts of canines, especially puppies.
The infection is life threatening and has a mortality rate of about 90 percentage. Symptoms of the infection include bloody diarrhea, lethargy, drastic weight loss, dehydration and vomiting.
The infection cases
Amravati city has been a hotspot for the infection. More than 50 percent of the city’s stray dogs have been infected.
In the past month, more than 20 dogs were brought to animal rescue centre with the symptoms. About 17 stray dogs succumbed to the infection.
The covid-19 pandemic has delayed vaccination of pet dogs. This has given rise to parvovirus infection in pet dogs.
The animal birth control programmes have not been properly implemented leading to rise in stray dog births that have increased the population.
Spread of infection
The infection spreads through direct contact with infected dog or through indirect contact with a contaminated object, such as hands and clothing of people who handle infected dogs.
The dog can get infected if it sniffs or gets in contact with infected faeces. It can spread from one dog to another if a contaminated human carries the virus.
The infection currently does not have a cure. Inoculation gives dogs or puppies chance against fighting the infection.
Dogs can be protected from the infection if they are inoculated when they are puppies and continue vaccination every year.
Unvaccinated dogs should not be taken out in the open as the virus can survive on surfaces such as grass, soil or any other object.
Humans should not touch dogs on the street as they may carry the virus from the infect dog on to a healthy pet dog.