In 2017, pollution was responsible for 15% of all deaths globally, and 275 million Disability-Adjusted Life Years. India saw the most pollution deaths of about 2.3 million, a new report has found.
The report is provided by Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP). The report uses the most recent Global Burden of Disease data from the Institute of Health Metrics Evaluation.
The top 10 countries with the most pollution deaths include both the world’s largest and wealthiest nations, and some of its poorer ones. India is followed by China in the number of pollution deaths, with about 1.8 million.
In the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths in proportion to their population, there are many smaller countries where the impact of pollution in relation population size is more intense.
Chad tops this list with 287 deaths for every 1,00,000 people, whereas India is at number 10 with 174 deaths for every 1,00,000 people.
The list of top 10 countries with the most deaths related to air pollution corresponds closely to the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths.
Air pollution, both ambient and indoor is one of the largest and most obvious types of pollution affecting global health.
Other effects of Air pollution
It can bring down productivity and prove expensive by increasing health costs, apart from reducing crop yields and impacting biodiversity and ecosystems.
Impact on weather
From rainfall patterns to monsoon intensities, air pollution can significantly affect the water cycle. Particulate matter can reduce the amount of solar radiation that reaches the earth's surface, affecting the rate at which water evaporates and moves into the atmosphere. They also affect clouds' formation and water-carrying capacity.
Impact on renewable energy
Solar energy yields also drop in areas with significant particulate matter pollution. Wiping away dust on solar panels can solve part of the problem, but the rest is more complicated: Sunlight cannot fully penetrate through smog, reducing solar panels' energy output.