April 18 of every year is celebrated as the International Day for Monuments and Sites by the United Nations.
It is being promoted by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). This year’s theme is “Complex Pasts: Diverse Futures”.
India has one of the largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites in the world. There are 38 sites out of the total 1121 such sites in India.
Among the highest UNESCO world heritage sites, China, Spain, Germany, Italy and France have more sites than India.
It was decided in 1982 to celebrate this day as International day of monuments. It received approval from UNESCO in 1983.
The day is celebrated to raise awareness regarding them, and promoting the need to restore and preserve them.
A theme is chosen every year that guides the policy for the future of protection and promotion of the monument.
This year’s theme agrees on the global calls for greater inclusion and recognition of diversity, to reflect, interpret and review existing narratives.
World heritage sites in India
Cultural heritage sites of India include Ajanta Caves, Fatehpur Sikri, Hampi monuments and the Mountain Railways of India.
Nanda Devi National Park, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park are some of the natural sites. There is one mixed heritage site in form of the Khangchendzonga National Park.