Russian scientists have installed one of the biggest underwater telescopes to make space observations deep from the waters.
Lake Baikal is the world’s deepest lake and is a very good spot to make observations in terms of space matters.
The underwater telescope has been under construction since 2015 and is intended to observe neutrinos, which is one of the smallest known particles.
The telescope has been named Baikal-GVD and is submerged to a depth of 750-1,300 meters inside the lake’s waters. It is situated at a distance of four kilometres from the lake's shore.
The floating observatory will consist of strings along with spherical glass and stainless steel modules attached to them.
The Baikal observatory will be similar to the Ice Cube observatory of the US, which has been set up deep under the ice of Antarctica.
The telescope will be a collaboration between scientists from countries like Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Russia and Slovakia.
Neutrinos are nearly mass-less subatomic particles having no electrical charge. They are present everywhere but difficult to detect.
This is because they interact weakly with the forces around them, making it challenging for them to be identified.
Since they are hard to detect, water acts as an effective medium for doing so.
Neutrino detectors are constructed underground so as to protect them from cosmic rays and other sources of interference.