Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare exchanged Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) with Ministry of AYUSH, Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Railways to strengthen inter-ministerial coordination and efforts towards Tuberculosis (TB)-free India by 2025. Union Government has committed eradicate menace of TB from Indian by 2025, a full 5 years ahead of the global target (2030).
Objective of Inter-ministerial Coordination TB eradication: (i) To reach various segments of population served by participating Ministries like the women & children, workers, miners, migrants, and tribal population, etc. (ii) To develop movement for combined efforts to create a ‘Jan Andolan’ in every section of the Society with the aim to end TB in India.
Significance of MoU: It will help in establishment of linkages and integration of TB care services with existing healthcare infrastructure and institutional network support associated with Ministry of AYUSH. It will also help to increases awareness about Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) guidelines. RNTC is government-run TB control initiative established with the vision to achieve “TB free India”. It aims to provide Universal Access to TB control services in India.
About Tuberculosis (TB)
It is infectious disease caused by bacteria “Mycobacterium tuberculosis” that most often affect the lungs. It spreads through the air from person to person through tiny droplets by coughing, sneezing, and talking or by touching surface with infected saliva or mucus. It commonly affects lungs and also may affect other parts of the body. It is a preventable and curable diseases. It is second biggest killer diseases all across the globe.
India and TB: Around 5 lakh people died every year due to Tuberculosis. Thus, India has highest burden of TB. It poses great economic risk in India as it affects mainly the working population of a country. It remains a major roadblock in Indian healthcare. Demographically in India it is associated with social strata which have poor socio-economic development, is marginalized and prone to exploitation.