Recently, China has been declared as Malaria free by World Health Organization.
Malaria is a tropical disease that is caused by plasmodium parasite. The mosquito acts as a vector in spreading the infection.
Malaria has been traditionally associated with tropical nations. The majority of burden in recent times is shared by African Countries (94% of cases). India has about 2 percent of global malaria burden.
As many as 127 countries have been declared malaria-free since 1900. Recent eliminators were China and El Salvador.
New scientific studies about vectors, larval development and transmission have allowed control of disease. This has eliminated disease in many countries.
The process requires proper training for health care workers and surveillance measures to identify and eliminate the infection.
China used strong surveillance and genome testing method to prevent new strains from reaching the country.
Malaria in India
India has been able to substantially reduce malaria cases. It has been able to reduce deaths due to the diseases, especially in hotspot areas.
Even after such measures, cases are still higher. India has 11th highest malarial case load. It is the only country outside Africa to be in the list.