The United Nations’ telecom body- International Telecommunications Union (ITU) is planning to set up its first-ever innovation centre in India along with ITU’s first regional office for south Asia in India.
ITU innovation centre
- It will incorporate technologies from south Asian countries and emerging economies in standards for technologies. It will begin its operations from July 2019.
- It will work on adoption of technologies by small and medium businesses (SMEs) to enhance their productivity.
- It will collaborate with firms in region for joint research in the field of standardisation for 5G, artificial intelligence and upcoming new technologies.
- It is expected to give opportunity to Indian technology firms to make their case for being part of global standards.
- At present, telecom sector is largely influenced by companies from developed countries and have huge influence on telecom businesses globally.
About International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
- It is United Nations specialised agency that coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout world. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It was originally founded in 1865, as International Telegraph Union. This makes it oldest existing international organization.
- Membership: It has total 193 countries as its members and also 800 private-sector entities such like carriers, equipment manufacturers and academic institutions etc,
- It consists of three sectors: (i) Radiocommunication (ITU-R): It ensures optimal, fair and rational use of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. (ii) Telecommunication Standardization (ITU-T): It formulates recommendations for standardizing telecommunication operations worldwide. (iii) Telecommunication Development (ITU-D): It assists countries in developing and maintaining internal communication operations.
- Functions: It sets and publishes regulations and standards relevant to electronic communication and broadcasting technologies of all kinds including radio, television, telephone, satellite and internet.
- It helps emerging countries to establish and develop telecommunication systems of their own.
- It conducts working parties, study groups and meetings to address current and future issues and to resolve disputes.
- It recommendations are non-binding but it member countries adhere to them in interest of maintaining effective international electronic communication environment.
- It organizes and conducts exhibition and forum known as the Global TELECOM every four years.