According to United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFP) State of World Population 2019 report, India’s population growth rate outpaced China in past nine years. India’s population grew at average of 1.2% annually between 2010 and 2019. It is more than double annual growth rate of China’s population, which grew by 0.5% annually between 2010 and 2019.
Highlights of report
- India’s population in 2019, stood at 1.36 billion, growing from 942.2 million in 1994 and 541.5 million in 1969.
- China’s population, on other hand, stood at 1.42 billion in 2019, growing from 1.23 billion in 1994 and 803.6 million in 1969.
- India related facts: 27% of India’s population is in age bracket of 0-14 years and 10-24 years, while 67% of the country’s population was in 15-64 age bracket. 5% of population is age 65 and above.
- Total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in In India has declined from 5.6 in 1969 to 3.7 in 1994 and 2.3 in 2019.
- India has registered improvement in life expectancy at birth from 47 years in 1969, which has grown to 60 years in 1994 and 69 years in 2019.
- There is drop in Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India– 488 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1994 to 174 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2015.
Findings on women aged between 15-49 years
- The report for first time has published findings on women aged between 15-49 years as part of report.
- It also includes, for the first time, data on women’s ability to make decisions over three key areas: health care, sexual intercourse with their partner and contraception use.
- Its analysis has found that absence of reproductive and sexual rights has major and negative repercussions on women’s education, income and safety. This leaves them unable to shape their own futures.
- Early marriage continues to remain biggest obstacle to female empowerment and better reproductive rights.
- Women and girls who left behind are typically poor, rural and less educated. Two-thirds of all maternal deaths today occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
It is United Nations sexual and reproductive health agency. Its work involves improvement of reproductive health, including creation of national strategies and protocols, and birth control by providing supplies and services. It has recently been known for its worldwide campaign against child marriage, obstetric fistula and female genital mutilation. It supports programs in more than 150 countries. It was established Formation in 1969 and is headquartered in New York City, US.