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Vaccine passport

Date: 11 March 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


Israel has become the first country in the world to introduce a form of certification system that allows individuals vaccinated against Covid-19 to get access to selected facilities and events.



The certification is dubbed as ‘vaccine passport’ and is meant for public facilities such as restaurants, gyms, and hotels in the country.



  • The idea of vaccine passport is similar to the vaccine certificate that several countries required even before the pandemic

  • People travelling from India as well as several African countries to the US were required to submit proof that they have been vaccinated against disease like Yellow fever.

  • The vaccine passports have been modelled as digital documents. They will function as proof that the holder has been vaccinated against Covid-19 and is deemed to be safe.

  • Another function that vaccine passport is supposed to perform is that of digitising vaccine records across countries.


Existing vaccine passports

  • Several associations and groups have issued their own versions of vaccine passports for international travel.

  • An app known as IATA Travel Pass is being developed to provide airlines and other similar industry members with a single platform to check for the proof of vaccination and its validity.



  • The benefitting sections include tourism and the hospitality industries, which have been reeling under infection spread and strict quarantine norms imposed by governments.

  • Major impediment in implementation will be the lack of uniformity across jurisdictions in requirement and issuance of proofs of vaccination.



  • WHO has said that using vaccine passports as a free pass should be curtailed because there are still questions regarding efficacy of vaccination.

  • Vaccination for travellers could result in shortages for priority populations such as healthcare workers, aged population etc.

  • Since these are digital records and can be accessed by multiple controllers, there are high chances of data leakages and information theft.