Jammu &Kashmir (J&K) Government has proposed draft Reintegration Policy for militants in the states to encourage them to give up arms and join mainstream. It is presently under pre- State Administrative Council (SAC) stage consideration and is subject to clearance by State Home Department and Chief Secretary.
SAC is the body governing J&K, which is under President’s rule. It is led by Governor Satya Pal Malik and includes his four advisors and Chief Secretary.
Features of Proposed Draft Reintegration Policy
- It addresses need for rehabilitation at a policy level through two-pronged approach: reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood.
- It also has provision for monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 for militant who surrenders with view to encourage him to join the mainstream.
- It will however not cover militants found to have been involved in “heinous crimes.
- The proposed Reintegration Policy is essentially revised version of earlier initiatives but with renewed focus on socio-economic re-integration of militants and government’s will to reach out to alienated youth.
- The successful implementation of surrender policy is of utmost importance in J&K as there are large number of surrendered or released militants (around 25,000).
- The successful rehabilitation of hardcore surrendered or released militants will motivate others to follow suit.
Previous J&K Rehabilitation Policies
2004 Rehabilitation policy
- It was implemented by the PDP government under Mufti Mohammad Sayeed.
- It sought to provide facility to those terrorists who undergo a change of heart and eschew path of violence and who also accept integrity of India and Indian Constitution to encourage them to join mainstream and lead a normal life.
- It had provisions to provide vocational training for militants who surrender if they wished to pursue trade, and monthly stipend of Rs 2,000 for the first three years.
- It also had provision for establishment of counselling centres where all returnees along with their wives and children will be lodged for period of three months or for such longer time as would be necessary.
- However, these counselling centres were never established and no one returning to mainstream was committed to counselling.
- However, this policy was successful in motivating militants to return.
2010 Rehabilitation policy
- It focused on facilitating return of ex-militants from J&K who had crossed over between January 1989 and December 2009 for training but later gave up insurgent activities due to change of heart and are willing, to return to the state.
- It was aimed at initiating reconciliation and institutional-level integration of people who left or joined armed groups.