Scientists have discovered new state of physical matter recently which is solid and liquid at the same time. The new state shows that atoms can exist as both solid and liquid simultaneously. Prior to this discovery, it was unclear if unusual structures represented distinct state of matter or existed as transition stages between two distinct states.
- The new state of matter was discovered after applying high pressures (20,000 and 40,000 times atmospheric pressure) and temperatures ((260 to 980 degrees Fahrenheit), to Potassium (K), a simple metal.
- In this extreme conditions, potassium entered into so called chain-melted state, in which atomic chains dissolved into liquid and remaining potassium crystals stayed solid.
- This created state in which most of element's atoms form solid lattice structure which is partly solid and partly liquid and represented new stable state of matter.
- Under the right conditions, over half dozen elements, including sodium and bismuth are capable of existing in newly discovered state of matter.