International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has launched new mandatory rules for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports. The objective of new rules is to make cross border trade easy and hassle free. These rules have come effect from April 8, 2019.
Need for New Rules
IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention) mandates news rules as part of amendments under revised Annex to FAL Convention, adopted in 2016. It is important measure as 10 billion tonnes of goods which are traded by sea annually across the globe.
It was adopted in 1965. Its main objective is to achieve most efficient maritime transport as possible, looking for smooth transit in ports of ships, cargo, and passengers. It encourages use of single window for data and mandates all information required by public authorities in connection with arrival, stay and departure of ships, cargo and persons to be submitted via single portal, without duplication. Under this requirement for electronic data exchange, all national authorities are mandated for electronic exchange of this information.
To meet mandatory requirement under IMO’s FAL Convention, India (Ministry of Shipping) has launched Port Community System (PCS1x) in December 2018. PCS1x is cloud-based new generation technology, with a user-friendly interface. It enables maritime trade to have improved communication with customs.
International Maritime Organization (IMO)