Indian Army has received first batch of 6 indigenously manufactured 155mm x 45mm calibre Dhanush artillery guns from Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Jabalpur. The first Dhanush regiment with 18 guns is expected to be ready by the end 2020. These guns will be deployed along India’s borders with Pakistan and China. Indian Army had placed bulk order for 110 Dhanus artillery guns with OFB. It will be third type of artillery gun to be inducted into Indian Army after K-9 Vajra and the M-777 ultra-light howitzers in recent times after Bofors artillery was inducted in 1980s.
Dhanush Artillery Gun
- It is first indigenous 155 mm x 45 calibre long-range artillery guns developed by OFB based on requirements of Indian Army.
- It is also called desi Bofors as it is upgraded version of Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, procured by India in mid-1980s.
- It far more technologically superior to Bofors due to modifications made to the barrel to help improve its accuracy.
- It has 81% indigenous content and by the end of 2019, it will go up to 91%. It has been electronically upgraded to enhance its firing accuracies, laying speeds and compatibility with various kinds of ammo as.
- Its armament system comprises barrel, breech mechanism, muzzle brake and recoil mechanism to fire 155 mm calibre ammunitions.
- It require crew of six to eight artillerymen and is capable of firing eight rounds per minutes.
- It has strike range of 38 kilometres (11 km more than imported Bofors guns) with high accuracy and precision. Depending on type of ammunition used it can provide greater fire power upto 38km.
- It is equipped with inertial navigation-based sighting system, on-board ballistic computation, auto-laying facility and advanced day and night direct firing system.
- It can accommodate both boll bags and bi-modular charge system (BMCS) which have resulted in increasing range.
- It has advanced day and night direct firing system. It is capable of firing projectiles at relatively higher angle with a steep angle of descent.
- It has several significant advance features including all-electric drive, high mobility, quick deployability, auxiliary power mode, advanced communication system and automated command and control system.
- It has six round magazine as compared to standard three round. It weighs slightly more than normal artillery guns due to larger chamber. It has been mechanically upgraded to fire standard NATO 155 mm ammunition.