Malaysia became 124th member of International Criminal Court (ICC) after it ratified Rome Statute. It is third country of the 10 member states of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), to ratify Rome Statute after Cambodia and Philippines. However, Philippines has announced its withdrawal from the ICC and it is set to take effect from 19 March 2019.
International Criminal Court (ICC)
- It is world’s first intergovernmental legal organisation and international tribunal with permanent international jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes and crime of aggression.
- It sits in The Hague, The Netherlands. It was created by ‘Rome Statute’ and began its functioning on 1 July 2002, the date on which Rome Statute entered into force.
- (Rome Statute is multilateral treaty that serves as foundational and governing document of ICC).
- It has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes when national courts are unable or unwilling do so.
- It may also receive case referrals from United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and can initiate prosecutions without UN action or referral.
- It has 124 member countries ( ratified Rome Statute), India is not one of them and neither are US, Israel, Russia and China citing concerns over sovereignty.