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Greater Tipraland demand

Date: 06 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Tribal outfits have come together for demanding Greater Tipraland state for indigenous communities of the region.

 

Background

The protest has brought together bitter rival political parties, TIPRA Motha (Tipraha Indigenous Progressive Regional Alliance) and IPFT (Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura).

 

Details

  • The groups have been asking for an independent state for the indigenous groups, carved out from the existing state of Tripura.

  • The protestors want a state that includes the entire Autonomous district area. A separate body will be formed for securing rights of indigenous groups living outside the state.

 

The Tripura state

  • Tripura was ruled by the Manikya dynasty from the late 13th century. Pradyot Debbarman is the titular head of the royal family.

  • Tripuris (aka Tipra and Tiprasas) are the largest indigenous groups, followed by Reangs and Jamatias. They have all been in favor of new state.

  • Tripura joined Indian republic by signing of the Instrument of Accession with the Indian government on October 15, 1949.

 

Reasons for demand

  • Indigenous communities are worried about change in the demographics of the state. They have now been reduced to minority.

  • Ethnic conflict is occurring between natives and migrant Bengali community. This started post the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.

  • Tribals are fearful of losing their ancestral lands gifted to them by penultimate king of the Manikya dynasty Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman.

 

Addressing concerns

  • The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTADC) formed in 1985 to provide self-rule under Sixth schedule of constitution. It covers about two-thirds of the geographical area of the state.

  • Out of the total seats of 60 in state assembly, 20 seats are reserved for the indigenous tribals.

 

Constitutional process

  • Article 3 concerns formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.

  • Article 2 of the constitution deal with admission or establishment of new states.