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British-era Moto tunnel

Date: 06 November 2020 Tags: Architecture

Issue

Pakistan’s Ministry of Climate Change opened the 129-year-old Moto Tunnel for tourists after its revival in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.

 

Background

The tunnel is part of the longer a walk through the forests in the Ayubia National Park of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan.

 

Details

  • The ‘Moto Tunnel’ built by the British. A water pipeline runs through it and it was probably built to solve water problem in the nearby Murree.

  • The main track of the walk is 4-kms from Dunga Gali to Ayubia. The tunnel was constructed to connect Ayubia with Khaira Gali.

  • Since the water pipeline runs through it and the tunnel was used for water transportation, it is a completely flat walk through the tunnel.

 

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 

  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the north-western region of the country along the International border with Afghanistan.

  • It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution.

  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy, though it is geographically the smallest of four.

  • Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Islamabad. It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the inhabitants being Pashtuns and Hindko speakers.

  • The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara. Once a stronghold of Buddhism, the history of the region was characterized by frequent invasions by various empires due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass.