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Space hurricane

Date: 06 March 2021 Tags: Space


Astronomers have detected a “hurricane” of plasma in upper atmosphere of the Earth. They have termed this phenomenon as “space hurricane”.



The space hurricane was discovered above the Earth’s magnetic north pole. It existed for about 8-10 hours.



  • The hurricane was formed due to combination of magnetic field lines and fast-flying solar winds. It was not visible to naked eye but was caught on satellites.

  • The space hurricane was in form of a funnel with an eye at the centre. It was surrounded by spinning plasma, moving in a counter-clockwise direction.

  • The space hurricane rained electrons into the upper atmosphere instead of water that a typical hurricane would rain.

  • Scientists assume that these space hurricanes may have been formed due to rapid transfer of solar wind energy and charged particles into the Earth’s upper atmosphere.

  • The researchers have used hypothesis to assume that the formation resulted from a complex interaction between incoming solar wind and the magnetic field over the North Pole.

  • The phenomenon may not be restricted to only earth but may also occur on any planet with a magnetic shield and plasma in its atmosphere. This is because plasma and magnetic fields are found all over the universe.



Plasma is a state of matter that is similar to gas, but the atomic particles are charged rather than neutral. Plasma is often called a fourth state of matter after solid, liquid and gas.