World Bank has approved US $287 million for Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Program aimed at improving health care in the state. In this regard, Central Government (Union Finance Ministry), State Government and World Bank has signed loan agreement.
Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Program
- It is aimed at improving quality of health care, reduce burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and fill equity gaps in reproductive and child health services in the state of Tamil Nadu.
- It is also aimed at strengthening physicians, nurses and paramedics through continuous medical education, strengthening feedback loop between citizens and state by making quality and other data accessible to the public.
- It will support state government to develop clinical protocols and guidelines, and achieve national accreditation for primary, secondary, and tertiary-level health facilities in the public sector.
- Tamil Nadu ranks third among all Indian states in the NITI Aayog Health Index, which is reflected in vastly improved health outcomes. The state's maternal mortality rate has declined from 90 deaths per one lakh live births in 2005 to 62 deaths in 2015-16, while infant mortality has declined from 30 deaths per 1000 live births to 20 in the same period.
- Despite these impressive gains, certain challenges in health care still remain in the state, including quality of care and variations in reproductive and child health among districts. Tamil Nadu is also dealing with growing burden of NCDs as they account for nearly 69% of deaths in the state.