Phayeng Village in in Imphal West district of Manipur has becomes India’s first carbon-positive settlement. A village is given carbon-positive tag if it sequesters more carbon than it emits, slowing accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and mitigating effects of climate change.
- It is scheduled caste village of the Chakpa community. It is surrounded by three densely community-managed forested hillocks and stream flowing through it.
- It was resurrected from dry and denuded village it was in 1970s and 80s by its residents under carbon-positive village project and funding under National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC).
- Its conservation efforts are mainly linked to belief that the forest is sacred grove, but idea has changed over the years.
- Its villagers have completely banned hunting. Besides, there is restriction on outsiders’ entry into forest without permission.
National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC)
- It is Central Sector Scheme launched un 2015-16 to support concrete adaptation activities which mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.
- It provides 100% funding to activities under it which are implemented in project mode. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) nodal implementation agency for these projects.
- It provides assistance to states/UTs that are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects of climate change in meeting the cost of adaptation.
- It aims to fulfill objectives of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) and operationalize State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs).