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Reading Q1 GDP data

Date: 02 September 2021 Tags: Reports & Indices


The GDP data for the first quarter of the current financial year (2021-22) was released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).



The GDP data makes up a major source of information to gauge the health of the economy, especially during the current pandemic.



  • The data focuses on two set of aspects. The first aspect focuses on the total demand in the economy and the other on total supply.

  • The first aspect, the GDP, is the total monetary value of final goods and services produced in a country in a given period of time. In other words, it looks for total demand created in the country.

  • The second aspect, the Gross Value Added or GVA, looks at monetary value added in different productive sectors of the economy. In other words, it looks at total supply.

  • The GDP is calculated by taking GVA and adding all taxes imposed by the government and subtracting subsidies given by the government.



 GDP = (GVA) + (Taxes earned by the government) — (Subsidies provided by the government)


  • The difference between the value of GVA and GDP will provide a sense of the role the government played.

  • If government earned more taxes than the total amount given as subsidies, GDP will be higher than GVA. 

  • If the government spent more on subsidies than the revenues earned from taxes, absolute level of GVA would be higher than the absolute level of GDP.


The latest data

  • GDP of India grew by 20.1% in the current quarter Q1. GVA during the same period grew by 18.1% Year on Year.

  • This means that total output created by the economy during the period was 20.1% more than the output of the economy in the same time last year.


The V-shaped recovery

The growth seen in India is a reflection of low base effect and not absolutely v-shaped recovery. In the v-shaped recovery, the absolute GDP of an economy gets back to the level before the crisis.


Components of GDP


                                                GDP = C + I + G + NX


  • Consumption (C) demand from private individuals (56% of GDP)

  • Investment (I) demand generated by private sector businesses (32% of GDP)

  • Demand for goods and services generated by the government (G) (11% of GDP).

  • Demand created by “Net Exports” (NX)