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Mumbai Climate Action Plan

Date: 02 September 2021 Tags: Climate Change


To tackle climate change, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has drafted a Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP).



The Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP) has been made in response to reports that the city is likely to suffer due to climate change.



  • The plan will be focused on six areas of importance that will adapt climate resilience strategies along with mitigation.

  • The six areas of focus are: sustainable waste management, building energy efficiency, urban flooding and water resource management, urban greening and biodiversity, air quality, and sustainable mobility.

  • The plan is currently in drafting stage. The authority has asked for feedback from citizens and experts regarding the climate change.

  • The suggestions and entries will be taken until September 20. The final draft is expected to be ready before the United Nations Climate Change (COP26) conference.


Need for action plan

  • The city is expected to face two major challenges due to climate change. The first is rise in temperatures and secondly flooding due to excessive rains.

  • The city has witnessed its annual temperature rise consistently since 2007. The heavy rains and storms have flooded the city almost yearly.

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has specifically mentioned that cities such as Mumbai will witness rise in sea levels by 0.1 metres to 0.3 metres in coming decades.

  • McKinsey India report also says that flash flood intensity in Mumbai is expected to grow by 25% by 2050. About 3 million people will be affected by the events.


Significance of plan

  • The plan will make use of adaptation and mitigation steps to implement strategies to fight climate change.

  • One of the major components of the plan is to reduce greenhouse gas emission significantly. This was adopted after Mumbai joined C40 Cities group.


Reasons for temperature rise

  • The major reason for rise in temperature is destruction of green cover and concretization. Increase in housing density has also contributed.

  • The carbon emission of the city is also very high due to vehicular and industrial pollution. The majority of electricity consumed is through coal power.