Lok Sabha passed Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Bill, 2019. The bill seeks to provide for reservation of posts in appointments by direct recruitment of persons belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Educationally Backward Classes (EBCs) and Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) to teachers cadre in Central Educational Institutions. It will replace Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers' Cadre) Ordinance, 2019 promulgated in March 2019.
Salient Features of Bill
Reservation: It provides for reservation of teaching positions in central educational institutions for persons belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), and the socially and educationally backward classes (SEBCs).
Reservation of posts: It provides for reservation of posts in direct recruitment of teachers (out of the sanctioned strength) in central educational institutions. For purpose of such reservation, a central educational institution will be regarded as one unit. It moves away from earlier practice of treating 'Department / Subject' as one unit.
Implementation: It considers University/ College as one unit restoring earlier reservation system based on 200 point roster. In this case, unit for reservation of posts in direct recruitment in teachers' cadre will be University/Educational Institutions and not Department.
Coverage: These provisions will be application to all central educational institutions including those universities set up by Acts of Parliament, institutions deemed to be university, institutions of national importance, and institutions receiving aid from the central government.
Exclusions: The provision of reversion will be not applicable to certain institutions of excellence, research institutions, and institutions of national and strategic importance specified in Schedule to this Bill. It also excludes minority education institutions.
This Bill addresses long standing demands of persons belonging to SCs/STs/SEBCs and ensure their rights envisaged under Constitutional Provisions of Articles 14, 16 and 21. It will also ensure providing of 10% reservation to EWS. It gives major push to reforms in education sector, making it inclusive and keeping in mind the aspirations of the people from different categories. It seeks to implement 200-point reservation system instead of 13-point roster system to fill up teacher vacancies in Universities and Central Government Higher Educational Institutions. It also seeks to give equal opportunity to all as per Constitution and also enough scope and opportunities in higher education sector in the country.